Information on EC 1.14.19.43 - palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] 3-(E)-desaturase

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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms

EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
1.14.19.43
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RECOMMENDED NAME
GeneOntology No.
palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] 3-(E)-desaturase
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REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
a 1-acyl-2-palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + 2 H+ = a 1-acyl-2-[(3E)-hexadec-3-enoyl]-[glycerolipid] + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H2O
show the reaction diagram
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PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
phospholipid desaturation
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SYSTEMATIC NAME
IUBMB Comments
1-acyl-2-palmitoyl-[glycerolipid],ferredoxin:oxygen oxidoreductase (3,4-trans -dehydrogenating)
The enzyme introduces an unusual trans double bond at carbon 3 of a palmitoyl group attached to the sn-2 position of glycerolipids. The enzyme from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana is specific for palmitate in phosphatidylglycerol. The enzyme from tobacco can also accept oleate and alpha-linolenate if present at the sn-2 position of phosphatidylglycerol [1].
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
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SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
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UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
SUBSTRATE
PRODUCT                       
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
(Substrate) hide
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product) hide
LITERATURE
(Product)
Reversibility
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
1-acyl-2-palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] + reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + H+
1-acyl-2-[(3E)-hexadec-3-enoyl]-[glycerolipid] + oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O
show the reaction diagram
22:4(n-6) + reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + H+
docosapentanoic acid + oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O
show the reaction diagram
22:5(n-3) + reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + H+
docosahexanoic acid + oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O
show the reaction diagram
NATURAL SUBSTRATES
NATURAL PRODUCTS
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
(Substrate) hide
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product) hide
LITERATURE
(Product)
REVERSIBILITY
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
1-acyl-2-palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] + reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + H+
1-acyl-2-[(3E)-hexadec-3-enoyl]-[glycerolipid] + oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O
show the reaction diagram
LOCALIZATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
GeneOntology No.
LITERATURE
SOURCE
integral membrane protein
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
SUBUNITS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
Cloned/COMMENTARY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Brassica juncea