Index of Abbreviations

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - X



A
adenine
Ac
acetyl
ADP
adenosine 5'-diphosphate
Ala
alanine
All
allose
Alt
altrose
AMP
adenosine 5'-monophosphate
Ara
arabinose
Arg
arginine
Asn
asparagine
Asp
aspartic acid
ATP
adenosine 5'-triphosphate


Bicine
N,N'-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycine
BSA
bovine serum albumin


C
cytosine
cal
calorie
CDP
cytidine 5'-diphosphate
Cys
cysteine


d
deoxy-
D-
(and L-) prefixes indicating configuration
DFP
diisopropyl fluorophosphate
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DPN
diphosphopyridinium nucleotide (now NAD)
DTNB
5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate)
DTT
dithiothreitol (i.e. Cleland's reagent)


E. coli
Escherichia coli
EC
number of enzyme in Enzyme Commission's system
EDTA
ethylene diaminetetraacetate
EGTA
ethylene glycol bis(-aminoethyl ether) tetraacetate
ER
endoplasmatic reticulum
Et
ethyl
EXAFS
extended X-ray absorption fine structure


FAD
flavin-adenine dinucleotide
FMN
flavin mononucleotide (riboflavin 5'-monophosphate)
Fru
fructose
Fuc
fucose


G
guanine
Gal
galactose
GDP
guanosine 5'-diphosphate
Glc
glucose
GlcN
glucosamine
GlcNAc
N-acetylglucosamine
Gln
glutamine
Glu
glutamic acid
Gly
glycine
GMP
guanosine 5'-monophosphate
GSH
glutathione
GSSG
oxidized glutathione
GTP
guanosine 5'-triphosphate
Gul
gulose


h
hour
H4
tetrahydro
HEPES
4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethane sulfonic acid
His
histidine
HPLC
high performance liquid chromatography
Hyl
hydroxylysine
Hyp
hydroxyproline


IAA
iodoacetamide
Ido
idose
IDP
inosine 5'-diphosphate
Ig
immunoglobulin
Ile
isoleucine
IMP
inosine 5'-monophosphate
ITP
inosine 5'-triphosphate


Km
Michaelis constant


L-
(and D-) prefixes indicating configuration
Leu
leucine
Lys
lysine
Lyx
lyxose


M
mol/l
m-
meta-
Man
mannose
MES
2-(N-morpholino)ethane sulfonate
Met
methionine
MIC
minimal inhibitory concentration
min
minute
mM
millimol/l
MOPS
3-(N-morpholino)propane sulfonate
mRNA
messenger RNA
Mur
muramic acid
MW
molecular weight


NAD(P)H
indicates either NADH or NADPH
NAD+
nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide
NADH
reduced NAD
NADP+
NAD phosphate
NADPH
reduced NADP
NDP
nucleoside 5'-diphosphate
NEM
N-ethylmaleimide
Neu
Neuraminic acid
NMN
nicotinamide mononucleotide
NMP
nucleoside 5'-monophosphate
NTP
nucleoside 5'-triphosphate


o-
ortho-
Orn
ornithine


p-
para-
PBS
Phosphate Buffered Saline
PCMB
p-chloromercuribenzoate
PEG
polyethylene glycol
PEP
phosphoenoloyruvate
pH
-log10[H+]
Ph
phenyl
Phe
phenylalanine
PIXE
proton-induced X-ray emission
PMSF
henylmethane-sulfonylfluoride
Pro
proline


Q10
factor for the change in reaction rate for a 10°C temperature increase


Rha
rhamnose
Rib
ribose
RNA
ribonucleic acid
rRNA
ribosomal RNA


Sar
N-methylglycine (sarcosine)
SDS-PAGE
sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
Ser
serine


T
thymine
t1/2
time for half-completion of reaction
Tal
talose
TDP
thymidine 5'-diphosphate
TEA
triethanolamine
Thr
threonine
TLCK
tosyl-L-leucine chloromethyl ketone
Tm
melting temperature
TMP
thymidine 5'-monophosphate
Tos-
tosyl-(p-toluenesulfonyl-)
TPN
triphosphopyridinium nucleotide (now NADP)
Tris
tris(hydroxymethyl)-aminomethane
tRNA
transfer RNA
Trp
tryptophan
TTP
thymidine 5'-triphosphate
Tyr
tyrosine


U
uridine
U/mg
?mol/(mg*min)
UDP
uridine 5'-diphosphate
UMP
uridine 5'-monophosphate
UTP
uridine 5'-triphosphate


Val
valine


Xaa
symbol for an amino acid of unknown constitution in peptide formula
XAS
X-ray absorption spectroscopy
Xyl
xylose