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Information on EC - NADH-dependent peroxiredoxin

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.11.1.26

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IUBMB Comments

Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a ubiquitous family of antioxidant proteins. They can be divided into three classes: typical 2-Cys, atypical 2-Cys and 1-Cys peroxiredoxins . The peroxidase reaction comprises two steps centred around a redox-active cysteine called the peroxidatic cysteine. All three peroxiredoxin classes have the first step in common, in which the peroxidatic cysteine attacks the peroxide substrate and is oxidized to S-hydroxycysteine (a sulfenic acid) (see mechanism). The second step of the peroxidase reaction, the regeneration of cysteine from S-hydroxycysteine, distinguishes the three peroxiredoxin classes. For typical 2-Cys Prxs, in the second step, the peroxidatic S-hydroxycysteine from one subunit is attacked by the ‘resolving’ cysteine located in the C-terminus of the second subunit, to form an intersubunit disulfide bond, which is then reduced by one of several cell-specific thiol-containing reductants completing the catalytic cycle. In the atypical 2-Cys Prxs, both the peroxidatic cysteine and its resolving cysteine are in the same polypeptide, so their reaction forms an intrachain disulfide bond. The 1-Cys Prxs conserve only the peroxidatic cysteine, so its regeneration involves direct interaction with a reductant molecule. This bacterial peroxiredoxin differs from most other forms by comprising two types of subunits. One subunit (AhpC) is a typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxin. Following the reduction of the substrate, one AhpC subunit forms a disulfide bond with an identical unit. The disulfide bond is reduced by the second type of subunit (AhpF). This second subunit is a flavin-containing protein that uses electrons from NADH to reduce the cysteine residues on the AhpC subunits back to their active state.

The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota, Archaea
Reaction Schemes

ahpcf, alkylhydroperoxide reductase, ahpc1, alkyl hydroperoxidase, alkyl hydroperoxide reductase subunit f, nadh-dependent peroxiredoxin, alkyl-hydroperoxide reductase c1, nadh peroxidase alkyl hydroperoxide reductase, more

NADH + ROOH + H+ = NAD+ + H2O + ROH
show the reaction diagram
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