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Information on EC - lipoyl-dependent peroxiredoxin

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.11.1.28

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IUBMB Comments

Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a ubiquitous family of antioxidant proteins. They can be divided into three classes: typical 2-Cys, atypical 2-Cys and 1-Cys peroxiredoxins . The peroxidase reaction comprises two steps centred around a redox-active cysteine called the peroxidatic cysteine. All three peroxiredoxin classes have the first step in common, in which the peroxidatic cysteine attacks the peroxide substrate and is oxidized to S-hydroxycysteine (a sulfenic acid) (see mechanism). The second step of the peroxidase reaction, the regeneration of cysteine from S-hydroxycysteine, distinguishes the three peroxiredoxin classes. For typical 2-Cys Prxs, in the second step, the peroxidatic S-hydroxycysteine from one subunit is attacked by the ‘resolving’ cysteine located in the C-terminus of the second subunit, to form an intersubunit disulfide bond, which is then reduced by one of several cell-specific thiol-containing reductants completing the catalytic cycle. In the atypical 2-Cys Prxs, both the peroxidatic cysteine and its resolving cysteine are in the same polypeptide, so their reaction forms an intrachain disulfide bond. The 1-Cys Prxs conserve only the peroxidatic cysteine, so its regeneration involves direct interaction with a reductant molecule. Two types of lipoyl-dependent peroxiredoxins have been reported from bacteria. One type is the AhpC/AhpD system, originally described from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In that system, AhpC catalyses reduction of the substrate, resulting in an intramolecular disulfide. AhpD then forms an intermolecular disulfide crosslink with AhpC, reducing it back to active state. AhpD is reduced in turn by lipoylated proteins. The second type, which has been characterized in Xylella fastidiosa, consists of only one type of subunit, which interacts directly with lipoylated proteins.

The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota
Reaction Schemes
a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-N6-[(R)-dihydrolipoyl]-L-lysine
a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-N6-lipoyl-L-lysine

organic hydroperoxide resistance, peroxiredoxin ahpc, organic hydroperoxide resistance protein, ahpcd, mfohr, more

a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-N6-[(R)-dihydrolipoyl]-L-lysine + ROOH = a [lipoyl-carrier protein]-N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H2O + ROH
show the reaction diagram
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