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Information on EC - short-chain 2-methylacyl-CoA dehydrogenase

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IUBMB Comments
A flavoprotein (FAD). The mammalian enzyme catalyses an oxidative reaction as a step in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of short-chain 2-methyl fatty acids and participates in isoleucine degradation. The enzyme from the parasitic helminth Ascaris suum catalyses a reductive reaction as part of a fermentation pathway, shuttling reducing power from the electron-transport chain to 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl CoA.
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
sbcad, sbcadd, short/branched chain acyl-coa dehydrogenase, 2-methylbutyryl-coa dehydrogenase, 2mbcd, 2-methyl branched-chain acyl-coa dehydrogenase, 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl-coa reductase, 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl coa reductase, 2-methyl branched chain acyl-coa dehydrogenase, more
2-methylbutanoyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein = (E)-2-methylbut-2-enoyl-CoA + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein + H+
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