Information on EC 2.4.99.18 - dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide-protein glycotransferase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC2.4.99.18
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IUBMB Comments
Occurs in eukaryotes that form a glycoprotein by the transfer of a glucosyl-mannosyl-glucosamine polysaccharide to the side-chain of an L-asparagine residue in the sequence -Asn-Xaa-Ser- or -Asn-Xaa-Thr- (Xaa not Pro) in nascent polypeptide chains. The basic oligosaccharide is the tetradecasaccharide Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 (for diagram {polysacc/Dol14}). However, smaller oligosaccharides derived from it and oligosaccharides with additional monosaccharide units attached may be involved. See ref for a review of N-glycoproteins in eukaryotes. Man3GlcNAc2 seems to be common for all of the oligosaccharides involved with the terminal N-acetylglucosamine linked to the protein L-asparagine. Occurs on the cytosolic face of the endoplasmic reticulum. The dolichol involved normally has 14-21 isoprenoid units with two trans double-bonds at the omega end, and the rest of the double-bonds in cis form.
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Word Map
The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Synonyms
oligosaccharyltransferase, oligosaccharyl transferase, oligosaccharyltransferase complex, ost3p, wbp1p, ost6p, oligosaccharide transferase, swp1p, tbstt3a, tbstt3b, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
dolichyl diphosphooligosaccharide + [protein]-L-asparagine = dolichyl diphosphate + a glycoprotein with the oligosaccharide chain attached by N-beta-D-glycosyl linkage to a protein L-asparagine
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