BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 1.7.1.6

Probing the NADH- and Methyl Red-binding site of a FMN-dependent azoreductase (AzoA) from Enterococcus faecalis

Feng, J.; Kweon, O.; Xu, H.; Cerniglia, C.E.; Chen, H.; Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 520, 99-107 (2012)

Data extracted from this reference:

Cloned(Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
-
Enterococcus faecalis
Crystallization (Commentary)
Crystallization
Organism
modeling of structure. Binding mode shows that the benzoic acid moiety of substrate methyl red and the nicotinamide ring of NADH are not parallel to the flavin isoalloxazine ring, but lay against it at angles of about 45 and 35 degrees, respectively. The adenine ribose moiety of NADH is surrounded by loop l2 on chain B and alpha3 on chain A in a typical Rossmann fold
Enterococcus faecalis
Engineering
Amino acid exchange
Commentary
Organism
A123F
36% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
D184G
complete loss of activity
Enterococcus faecalis
E16G
46% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
F127G
complete loss of activity
Enterococcus faecalis
L59G
10% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
N106A
3% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
N121A
170% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
R18G
9% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
R21G
382% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
R66A
47% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
V122Y
14% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
W62A
35% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
Y129G
complete loss of activity
Enterococcus faecalis
KM Value [mM]
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.00053
-
Methyl red
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.003
-
NADH
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0082
-
Methyl red
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0112
-
Methyl red
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0126
-
Methyl red
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0167
-
Methyl red
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.024
-
Methyl red
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0288
-
Methyl red
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0335
-
Methyl red
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0485
-
Methyl red
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.109
-
Methyl red
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.143
-
NADH
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.25
-
NADH
mutant E16G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.292
-
NADH
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.38
-
NADH
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.405
-
NADH
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.411
-
NADH
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.581
-
NADH
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.624
-
NADH
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.793
-
NADH
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
2.298
-
NADH
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Enterococcus faecalis
Q831B2
-
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
methyl red + NADH + H+
-
724120
Enterococcus faecalis
? + NAD+
-
-
-
?
Turnover Number [1/s]
Turnover Number Minimum [1/s]
Turnover Number Maximum [1/s]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
1.2
-
Methyl red
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
3.17
-
Methyl red
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
6.61
-
Methyl red
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
17.5
-
Methyl red
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
20.8
-
Methyl red
mutant E16G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
21.1
-
Methyl red
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
59.1
-
Methyl red
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
77.3
-
Methyl red
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
111
-
Methyl red
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
140
-
Methyl red
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
245
-
Methyl red
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
Cofactor
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
FMN
-
Enterococcus faecalis
NADH
-
Enterococcus faecalis
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
-
Enterococcus faecalis
Cofactor (protein specific)
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
FMN
-
Enterococcus faecalis
NADH
-
Enterococcus faecalis
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Crystallization
Organism
modeling of structure. Binding mode shows that the benzoic acid moiety of substrate methyl red and the nicotinamide ring of NADH are not parallel to the flavin isoalloxazine ring, but lay against it at angles of about 45 and 35 degrees, respectively. The adenine ribose moiety of NADH is surrounded by loop l2 on chain B and alpha3 on chain A in a typical Rossmann fold
Enterococcus faecalis
Engineering (protein specific)
Amino acid exchange
Commentary
Organism
A123F
36% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
D184G
complete loss of activity
Enterococcus faecalis
E16G
46% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
F127G
complete loss of activity
Enterococcus faecalis
L59G
10% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
N106A
3% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
N121A
170% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
R18G
9% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
R21G
382% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
R66A
47% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
V122Y
14% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
W62A
35% of wild-type activity
Enterococcus faecalis
Y129G
complete loss of activity
Enterococcus faecalis
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.00053
-
Methyl red
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.003
-
NADH
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0082
-
Methyl red
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0112
-
Methyl red
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0126
-
Methyl red
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0167
-
Methyl red
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.024
-
Methyl red
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0288
-
Methyl red
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0335
-
Methyl red
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.0485
-
Methyl red
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.109
-
Methyl red
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.143
-
NADH
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.25
-
NADH
mutant E16G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.292
-
NADH
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.38
-
NADH
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.405
-
NADH
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.411
-
NADH
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.581
-
NADH
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.624
-
NADH
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
0.793
-
NADH
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
2.298
-
NADH
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
methyl red + NADH + H+
-
724120
Enterococcus faecalis
? + NAD+
-
-
-
?
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
Turnover Number Minimum [1/s]
Turnover Number Maximum [1/s]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
1.2
-
Methyl red
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
3.17
-
Methyl red
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
6.61
-
Methyl red
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
17.5
-
Methyl red
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
20.8
-
Methyl red
mutant E16G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
21.1
-
Methyl red
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
59.1
-
Methyl red
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
77.3
-
Methyl red
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
111
-
Methyl red
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
140
-
Methyl red
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
245
-
Methyl red
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
KCat/KM [mM/s]
kcat/KM Value [1/mMs-1]
kcat/KM Value Maximum [1/mMs-1]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
1.5
-
NADH
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
2.9
-
NADH
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
5
-
NADH
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
44
-
NADH
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
83
-
NADH
mutant E16G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
110
-
Methyl red
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
111
-
Methyl red
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
130
-
NADH
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
160
-
Methyl red
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
190
-
Methyl red
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
230
-
Methyl red
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
370
-
NADH
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
380
-
NADH
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
410
-
NADH
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
600
-
NADH
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
630
-
Methyl red
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
2460
-
Methyl red
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
5050
-
Methyl red
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
7030
-
NADH
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
13540
-
Methyl red
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
14580
-
Methyl red
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
KCat/KM Value [1/mMs-1]
KCat/KM Value Maximum [1/mMs-1]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
1.5
-
NADH
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
2.9
-
NADH
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
5
-
NADH
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
44
-
NADH
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
83
-
NADH
mutant E16G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
110
-
Methyl red
mutant N106A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
111
-
Methyl red
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
130
-
NADH
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
160
-
Methyl red
mutant V122Y, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
190
-
Methyl red
mutant R18G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
230
-
Methyl red
mutant L59G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
370
-
NADH
mutant R21G, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
380
-
NADH
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
410
-
NADH
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
600
-
NADH
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
630
-
Methyl red
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
2460
-
Methyl red
wild-type, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
5050
-
Methyl red
mutant A123F, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
7030
-
NADH
mutant W62A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
13540
-
Methyl red
mutant N121A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
14580
-
Methyl red
mutant R66A, pH 7.0, 22°C
Enterococcus faecalis
Other publictions for EC 1.7.1.6
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
742203
Chalansonnet
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Enterococcus faecalis
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17
126
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-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
2
1
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
2
2
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-
-
742211
Ryan
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Azoreductases in drug metabol ...
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Br. J. Pharmacol.
174
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7
7
3
-
-
7
-
7
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
11
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
7
7
8
3
-
-
-
7
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
11
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
15
-
-
-
742393
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Geobacter sulfurreducens, Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA
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-
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
2
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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4
-
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-
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-
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
1
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2
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4
-
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-
-
-
-
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3
3
-
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742660
Rathod
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Efficient approach to enhance ...
Enterococcus sp., Enterococcus sp. L2
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124
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2017
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
741799
Mani
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Accelerated production of oxy ...
Pseudomonas sp. B1
Asian J. Chem.
28
2562-2570
2016
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
1
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
1
-
1
1
-
1
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
742324
Imran
-
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Shewanella sp. IFN4
CSAWAC
44
1523-1530
2016
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
2
-
6
-
1
1
3
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
4
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
6
-
1
1
3
-
1
1
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
742921
Haghshenas
Molecular dynamics study of b ...
Bacillus sp. B29
J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn.
34
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2016
-
-
-
-
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-
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1
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1
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-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
743853
Feng
-
Interaction between flavin mo ...
Escherichia coli
Spectrosc. Lett.
49
626-634
2016
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
-
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-
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-
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2
-
1
-
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
1
-
-
-
743182
Zhang
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Cloning and characterization ...
Shewanella xiamenensis, Shewanella xiamenensis BC01
J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng.
61
97-105
2015
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1
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1
1
4
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10
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12
2
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1
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3
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8
1
1
1
2
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1
1
1
4
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1
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1
4
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1
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1
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4
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10
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12
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1
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3
-
8
1
1
1
2
-
1
1
1
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
742663
Lu
-
Construction, expression and ...
Shewanella oneidensis, Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 / ATCC 700550
Int. Biodeter. Biodegrad.
87
81-86
2014
2
-
1
-
1
-
7
2
-
2
-
-
-
2
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1
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2
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2
1
1
1
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2
1
1
2
1
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2
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1
1
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1
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7
-
2
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2
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1
-
-
2
-
2
1
1
1
-
2
1
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
743650
Brissos
Improving kinetic or thermody ...
Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas putida MET94
PLoS ONE
9
e87209
2014
-
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1
-
21
-
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1
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6
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1
1
1
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1
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1
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1
1
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21
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1
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-
1
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
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1
1
-
-
-
724384
Langer
The flavoenzyme azobenzene red ...
Escherichia coli
Biochemistry
52
4288-4295
2013
-
-
-
-
-
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4
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3
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1
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2
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4
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1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
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-
-
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-
724733
Chevalier
The first latent green fluorop ...
Escherichia coli
Chem. Commun. (Camb. )
49
8815-8817
2013
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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1
-
-
-
-
-
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-
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-
-
-
724864
Yang
Characterization of an efficie ...
Shewanella oneidensis, Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 / ATCC 700550
Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.
20
3232-3239
2013
-
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1
-
-
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1
4
-
1
1
-
6
2
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2
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4
1
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1
1
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2
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1
2
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1
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4
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1
1
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6
-
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-
-
-
2
-
4
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
4
726356
Aranganathan
Statistical optimization of sy ...
Pseudomonas oleovorans
Prep. Biochem. Biotechnol.
43
649-667
2013
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
742097
Yang
Construction of an integrated ...
Shewanella oneidensis, Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 / ATCC 700550
Biores. Technol.
130
517-521
2013
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
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1
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-
-
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4
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1
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1
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1
1
1
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1
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4
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
742662
Shah
-
Community genomics isolation, ...
bacterium enrichment culture clone V9DM
Int. Biodeter. Biodegrad.
79
1-8
2013
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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2
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1
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1
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2
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1
1
2
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-
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
723925
Morrison
Identification, Isolation and ...
Clostridium perfringens
Anaerobe
18
229-234
2012
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
3
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
1
1
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1
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2
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1
2
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1
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3
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2
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-
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
724120
Feng
Probing the NADH- and Methyl R ...
Enterococcus faecalis
Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
520
99-107
2012
-
-
1
1
13
-
-
21
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
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-
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-
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1
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-
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11
-
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2
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1
2
1
13
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-
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21
-
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-
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-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
11
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
21
21
724799
Devi
Homology modeling and function ...
Nostoc sp.
Interdiscip. Sci.
4
310-318
2012
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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3
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3
1
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
725732
Ooi
-
Flavin-binding of azoreductase ...
Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria), Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria) B29
J. Mol. Catal. B
74
204-208
2012
-
-
1
-
-
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-
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-
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2
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2
-
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-
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2
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2
1
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2
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1
2
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2
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-
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2
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
725805
Shobana
-
Evolutionary trace analysis of ...
Bacillus subtilis
J. Proteomics Bioinform.
5
222-225
2012
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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1
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-
-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
726415
Cui
-
Purification and characterizat ...
Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli CD-2
Process Biochem.
47
544-549
2012
-
-
1
-
-
-
5
2
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
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6
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
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1
2
-
-
-
-
5
-
2
-
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1
-
-
-
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1
-
-
-
-
6
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
724007
Johansson
BTI1, an azoreductase with pH- ...
Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria) OY1-2, Staphylococcus aureus
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
77
4223-4225
2011
-
-
-
-
-
-
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4
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-
-
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2
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11
-
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5
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-
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4
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-
-
-
-
-
-
11
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
711584
Chen
Identification and molecular c ...
Pigmentiphaga kullae, Pigmentiphaga kullae K24, ATCC BAA-795
BMC Biochem.
11
13
2010
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
2
-
-
2
-
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1
-
-
-
2
-
8
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
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2
-
-
-
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1
-
-
2
-
8
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
724045
Matsumoto
Characterization of thermostab ...
Geobacillus stearothermophilus
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
86
1431-1438
2010
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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2
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-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
6
1
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
6
1
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
726423
Ryan
Reaction mechanism of azoreduc ...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Protein Cell
1
780-790
2010
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
12
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
2
-
12
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
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2
-
-
2
-
-
726439
Feng
Evidence for significantly enh ...
Enterococcus faecalis
Protein Pept. Lett.
17
578-584
2010
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1
1
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-
-
-
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1
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-
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1
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-
-
-
-
-
-
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3
-
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-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
1
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-
-
-
-
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-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
696845
Ooi
Comparative enzymatic analysis ...
Bacillus sp. B29
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
73
1209-1211
2009
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1
1
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
2
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-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
3
-
16
1
2
-
-
-
1
2
-
2
-
-
-
-
2
2
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
4
-
16
2
2
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
697494
Punj
Purification and identificatio ...
Enterococcus faecalis
Curr. Issues Mol. Biol.
11
59-65
2009
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
4
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
4
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
697495
Macwana
Identification and Isolation o ...
Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus faecium ATCC 6569
Curr. Issues Mol. Biol.
12
43-48
2009
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
6
-
-
1
-
-
-
18
-
19
1
2
-
-
2
2
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
2
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
20
-
19
1
2
-
-
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
698629
Liu
The Escherichia coli azoreduct ...
Escherichia coli
J. Bacteriol.
191
6394-6400
2009
5
-
1
-
-
-
-
4
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-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
-
-
-
4
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
5
-
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
4
1
-
-
-
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
710749
Wang
Role of tyrosine 131 in the ac ...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F
66
2-7
2009
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1
1
1
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
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2
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1
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-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
1
8
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
1
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
711798
Punj
Purification and identificatio ...
Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 27274
Curr. Issues Mol. Biol.
11
59-66
2009
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
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-
-
-
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4
-
-
1
-
-
-
2
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
695789
Bafana
Azoreductase and dye detoxific ...
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens AB
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
77
1139-1144
2008
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
695803
Liu
Enhancing survival of Escheric ...
Rhodobacter sphaeroides
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
80
409-416
2008
-
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1
-
-
-
1
4
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
1
-
-
4
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
4
-
1
-
-
4
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
696793
Sandhya
Decolorizing kinetics of a rec ...
Brevibacillus laterosporus, Brevibacillus laterosporus RRK1
Biores. Technol.
99
2187-2191
2008
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1
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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2
-
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1
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-
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2
-
10
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
10
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
696902
Liu
Site-directed mutagenesis of s ...
Rhodobacter sphaeroides
Biotechnol. Lett.
30
869-875
2008
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1
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4
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23
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-
-
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1
-
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1
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
1
1
-
-
3
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
3
-
4
-
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23
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1
1
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3
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-
697473
Bafana
Lateral gene transfer in phylo ...
Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria), Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria) OY1-2, Bacillus subtilis 168, Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Geobacillus stearothermophilus, Pigmentiphaga kullae, Pigmentiphaga kullae K24, Rhodobacter sphaeroides, Rhodobacter sphaeroides AS1.1737, Staphylococcus aureus, Xenophilus azovorans, Xenophilus azovorans KF46F / DSM 13620
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1
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3
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4
1
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700040
Chen
Functional role of Trp-105 of ...
Enterococcus faecalis
Microbiology
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2008
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1
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6
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10
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1
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1
1
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1
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-
671554
Xu
Fe(III)-enhanced Azo Reduction ...
Shewanella decolorationis, Shewanella decolorationis S12
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
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1342-1349
2007
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4
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673224
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Recent advances in azo dye deg ...
Acidaminococcus fermentans, Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria), Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria) OY-2, Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria) SF, Bacillus subtilis, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, Bifidobacterium adolescentis, Blautia obeum, Citrobacter sp., Clostridium clostridioforme, Clostridium perfringens, Coprococcus catus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium sp., Holdemanella biformis, Kocuria rosea, Kocuria varians, Micrococcus luteus, Pantoea agglomerans, Pigmentiphaga kullae, Pigmentiphaga kullae K24, Proteus vulgaris, Rhodobacter sphaeroides, Shigella dysenteriae, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Xenophilus azovorans, Xenophilus azovorans KF46
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2006
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64
9
10
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17
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64
9
10
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10
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674607
Ito
Three-dimensional structure of ...
Escherichia coli
J. Biol. Chem.
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2006
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1
1
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658574
Nachiyar
-
Purification and characterizat ...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Enzyme Microb. Technol.
36
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2005
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1
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3
2
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1
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1
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7
1
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7
1
1
1
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1
1
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671417
Ramalho
Azo reductase activity of inta ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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3882-3888
2005
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-
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1
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1
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675826
Chen
Biochemical and molecular char ...
Staphylococcus aureus
Microbiology
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2005
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1
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2
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2
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6
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1
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2
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6
1
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2
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1
2
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1
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2
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6
1
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-
-
-
-
657603
Maier
A new alkali-thermostable azor ...
Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria), Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria) SF
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837-844
2004
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1
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1
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1
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12
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1
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3
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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-
-
12
-
1
-
3
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
658773
Yan
Expression and characteristics ...
Rhodobacter sphaeroides, Rhodobacter sphaeroides AS1.1737
FEMS Microbiol. Lett.
236
129-136
2004
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1
1
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2
4
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2
2
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3
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1
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6
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12
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2
1
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1
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1
1
1
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2
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4
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2
2
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1
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6
-
12
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
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-
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-
660430
Chen
Molecular cloning, overexpress ...
Enterococcus faecalis
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2004
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1
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2
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2
1
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6
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1
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1
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7
1
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2
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1
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1
2
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1
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1
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1
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7
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
657620
Bluemel
Cloning and characterization o ...
Pigmentiphaga kullae, Pigmentiphaga kullae K24
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62
186-190
2003
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1
1
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2
2
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5
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1
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1
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6
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2
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1
1
2
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2
2
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1
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1
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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657650
Moutaouakkil
Purification and partial chara ...
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413
139-146
2003
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1
-
-
-
-
5
2
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1
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1
-
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1
-
-
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1
5
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
1
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5
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
5
5
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
5
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
657580
Blumel
Molecular cloning and characte ...
Xenophilus azovorans, Xenophilus azovorans KF46F / DSM 13620
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
68
3948-3955
2002
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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3
2
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6
-
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1
-
-
-
1
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4
1
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-
-
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3
-
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1
1
3
-
-
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3
2
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-
1
-
-
1
-
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
394314
Suzuki
Molecular cloning and characte ...
Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria)
J. Biol. Chem.
276
9059-9065
2001
-
-
1
-
-
-
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1
-
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1
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1
-
-
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2
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3
1
2
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-
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-
-
-
-
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-
1
-
-
-
-
-
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1
-
-
-
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1
-
-
2
-
3
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
394313
Mazumder
-
Characteristics and purificati ...
Brevundimonas subvibrioides
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23
476-483
1999
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-
-
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1
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1
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1
-
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2
1
-
1
1
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-
-
-
1
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2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
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6
-
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1
-
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1
-
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
394312
Singh
Azo reductase activity of micr ...
Canis lupus familiaris, Capra hircus, Cavia porcellus, Cricetinae, Felis catus, Gallus gallus, Macaca mulatta, Mus musculus, Oryctolagus cuniculus, Ovis aries, Pigeon, Rattus norvegicus
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1998
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33
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-
-
33
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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394311
Singh
Comparative azo reductase acti ...
Rattus norvegicus
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35
1016-1018
1997
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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3
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1
6
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-
1
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
394310
Ghosh
Purification of two azoreducta ...
Escherichia coli
Indian J. Exp. Biol.
31
951-954
1993
1
-
-
-
-
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-
2
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3
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1
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8
-
4
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
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-
3
-
-
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1
-
-
8
-
4
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
394300
Rafii
Azoreductase activity of anaer ...
Anaerostipes hadrus, Bacteroides sp., Butyrivibrio sp., Clostridium clostridioforme, Clostridium paraputrificum, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium sp., Eubacterium sp., Tyzzerella nexilis
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
56
2146-2151
1990
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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9
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9
9
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17
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9
-
-
-
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9
-
-
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9
-
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9
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-
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17
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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394299
Zimmermann
Comparison of two bacterial az ...
Pseudomonas sp., Pseudomonas sp. K24
Arch. Microbiol.
138
37-43
1984
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
6
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2
2
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3
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1
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2
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10
1
1
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-
-
2
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2
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-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
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1
-
6
-
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2
2
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-
1
-
-
2
-
10
1
1
-
-
-
2
-
-
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-
-
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394301
Moreno
Ca2+ and Mg2+-enhanced reducti ...
Rattus norvegicus
J. Biol. Chem.
259
14609-14616
1984
-
-
-
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-
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2
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1
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2
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2
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1
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2
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-
-
-
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394298
Zimmermann
Properties of purified Orange ...
Pseudomonas sp., Pseudomonas sp. KF46
Eur. J. Biochem.
129
197-203
1982
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1
18
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2
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3
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1
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2
1
21
1
1
1
1
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2
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2
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2
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1
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18
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2
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1
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2
1
21
1
1
1
1
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2
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-
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394302
Fujita
The stimulation of microsomal ...
Rattus norvegicus
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
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178-189
1982
2
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1
1
1
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1
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3
1
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2
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3
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1
1
1
1
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-
1
-
-
2
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394303
Mallett
A continuous spectrophotometri ...
Rattus norvegicus
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1982
1
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1
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2
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2
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2
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1
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2
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1
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2
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2
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Huang
Rat liver cytosolic azoreducta ...
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254
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1
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1
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1
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4
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3
1
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1
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1
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2
1
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Huang
Rat liver cytosolic azoreducta ...
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254
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1
1
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7
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2
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1
2
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1
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1
1
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7
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-
-
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-
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Fujita
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Mallett
A continuous assay for hepatic ...
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Smith
1,2-Dimethyl-4-(p-carboxypheny ...
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Daniel
A soluble aerobic reduced nico ...
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Ketterer
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