Information on Organism Drosophila melanogaster

Please wait a moment until all data is loaded. This message will disappear when all data is loaded.
EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
(3R)-linalool biosynthesis
-
-
(3S)-linalool biosynthesis
-
-
(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z)-docosapentaenoate biosynthesis (6-desaturase)
-
-
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis
(8E,10E)-dodeca-8,10-dienol biosynthesis
-
-
(9Z)-tricosene biosynthesis
-
-
(aminomethyl)phosphonate degradation
-
-
(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
(R)-cysteate degradation
-
-
(S)-lactate fermentation to propanoate, acetate and hydrogen
-
-
(S)-propane-1,2-diol degradation
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis I
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis II
-
-
1,2-dichloroethane degradation
-
-
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation
-
-
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
10-cis-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (yeast)
-
-
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (MFE-dependent, yeast)
-
-
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (reductase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
11-cis-3-hydroxyretinal biosynthesis
-
-
15-epi-lipoxin biosynthesis
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis I (from Ins(1,4,5)P3)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis III (Spirodela polyrrhiza)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis IV (Dictyostelium)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis V (from Ins(1,3,4)P3)
-
-
2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis
-
-
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis
-
-
2-amino-3-hydroxycyclopent-2-enone biosynthesis
-
-
2-arachidonoylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
2-carboxy-1,4-naphthoquinol biosynthesis
-
-
2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphate degradation
-
-
2-methyl-branched fatty acid beta-oxidation
-
-
2-methylpropene degradation
-
-
2-nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA
-
-
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA
-
-
3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent)
-
-
3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent)
-
-
3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)pyruvate biosynthesis
-
-
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis II (archaea)
-
-
3-hydroxy-4-methyl-anthranilate biosynthesis I
-
-
3-hydroxy-4-methyl-anthranilate biosynthesis II
-
-
3-hydroxypropanoate cycle
-
-
3-hydroxypropanoate/4-hydroxybutanate cycle
-
-
3-hydroxyquinaldate biosynthesis
-
-
3-methyl-branched fatty acid alpha-oxidation
-
-
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
3-phenylpropionate degradation
-
-
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis
-
-
3-phosphoinositide degradation
-
-
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis II
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation I
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation II
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation III
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation IV
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation V
-
-
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes)
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis III (plants)
-
-
4-nitrophenol degradation I
-
-
4-oxopentanoate degradation
-
-
5'-deoxyadenosine degradation I
-
-
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole biosynthesis I (aerobic)
-
-
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I
-
-
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis II
-
-
5-nitroanthranilate degradation
-
-
5-oxo-L-proline metabolism
-
-
6-gingerol analog biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Chlamydia)
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis IV (Plasmodium)
-
-
7-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-wyosine biosynthesis
-
-
9-cis, 11-trans-octadecadienoyl-CoA degradation (isomerase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 1 precursor disaccharide
-
-
ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 2 precursor disaccharide
-
-
Ac/N-end rule pathway
-
-
acetaldehyde biosynthesis I
-
-
acetaldehyde biosynthesis II
-
-
acetate and ATP formation from acetyl-CoA I
-
-
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA
-
-
acetate fermentation
-
-
acetoin degradation
-
-
acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal)
-
-
acetone degradation III (to propane-1,2-diol)
-
-
acetyl CoA biosynthesis
-
-
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis from citrate
-
-
acetyl-CoA fermentation to butanoate II
-
-
acetylene degradation (anaerobic)
-
-
acrylonitrile degradation I
-
-
actinomycin D biosynthesis
-
-
acyl-CoA hydrolysis
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage I
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage II
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage III
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage V
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage VI
-
-
adenine salvage
-
-
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
adipate degradation
-
-
adlupulone and adhumulone biosynthesis
-
-
aerobic respiration (NDH-1 to cytochrome c oxidase via plastocyanin)
-
-
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c)
-
-
aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast)
-
-
aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway)
-
-
aerobic respiration in cyanobacteria (NDH-2 to cytochrome c oxidase via plastocyanin)
-
-
Aflatoxin biosynthesis
-
-
alanine metabolism
-
-
Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
-
-
aldoxime degradation
-
-
alkane biosynthesis I
-
-
alkane biosynthesis II
-
-
alkane oxidation
-
-
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis
-
-
allantoin degradation
-
-
alliin metabolism
-
-
alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
-
-
alpha-tomatine degradation
-
-
Amaryllidacea alkaloids biosynthesis
-
-
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
-
-
Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
-
-
Aminobenzoate degradation
-
-
ammonia assimilation cycle I
-
-
ammonia assimilation cycle II
-
-
ammonia oxidation II (anaerobic)
-
-
amygdalin and prunasin degradation
-
-
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol)
-
-
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial)
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis I
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis II
-
-
anandamide degradation
-
-
anandamide lipoxygenation
-
-
androgen and estrogen metabolism
-
-
androgen biosynthesis
-
-
androsrtendione degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
androstenedione degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling I
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling II
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis I (6-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis IV (8-detaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis V (8-detaturase, mammals)
-
-
Arachidonic acid metabolism
-
-
arachidonic acid metabolism
-
-
Arg/N-end rule pathway (eukaryotic)
-
-
Arginine and proline metabolism
-
-
Arginine biosynthesis
-
-
arginine metabolism
-
-
aromatic glucosinolate activation
-
-
aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria)
-
-
aromatic polyketides biosynthesis
-
-
arsenate detoxification I (mammalian)
-
-
arsenate detoxification V
-
-
arsenite oxidation I (respiratory)
-
-
Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
-
-
ascorbate glutathione cycle
-
-
ascorbate metabolism
-
-
ascorbate recycling (cytosolic)
-
-
aspartate and asparagine metabolism
-
-
aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction II
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction III
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction IV
-
-
astaxanthin biosynthesis (bacteria, fungi, algae)
-
-
ATP biosynthesis
-
-
Atrazine degradation
-
-
atromentin biosynthesis
-
-
avenanthramide biosynthesis
-
-
backdoor pathway of androgen biosynthesis
-
-
bacterial bioluminescence
-
-
baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification)
-
-
Benzoate degradation
-
-
benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
beta-(1,4)-mannan degradation
-
-
beta-alanine biosynthesis III
-
-
beta-Alanine metabolism
-
-
beta-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation
-
-
Betalain biosynthesis
-
-
betalamic acid biosynthesis
-
-
betanidin degradation
-
-
betaxanthin biosynthesis
-
-
betaxanthin biosynthesis (via dopamine)
-
-
Bifidobacterium shunt
-
-
bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway
Biosynthesis of 12-, 14- and 16-membered macrolides
-
-
biosynthesis of Lewis epitopes (H. pylori)
-
-
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
-
-
Biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides
-
-
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
-
-
biotin biosynthesis
-
-
Biotin metabolism
-
-
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly
-
-
bisabolene biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
Bisphenol degradation
-
-
bombykol biosynthesis
-
-
bryostatin biosynthesis
-
-
bupropion degradation
-
-
butanoate fermentation
-
-
Butanoate metabolism
-
-
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
C20 prostanoid biosynthesis
-
-
C4 and CAM-carbon fixation
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type
-
-
C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis I
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis II (via paraxanthine)
-
-
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation)
-
-
Caffeine metabolism
-
-
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle
-
-
camalexin biosynthesis
-
-
canavanine biosynthesis
-
-
canavanine degradation
-
-
cannabinoid biosynthesis
-
-
Caprolactam degradation
-
-
capsaicin biosynthesis
-
-
Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
-
-
Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
-
-
carbon tetrachloride degradation II
-
-
carnitine metabolism
-
-
Carotenoid biosynthesis
-
-
carotenoid biosynthesis
-
-
catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I
-
-
catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate II
-
-
catechol degradation to beta-ketoadipate
-
-
catecholamine biosynthesis
CDP-6-deoxy-D-gulose biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III
-
-
cell-surface glycoconjugate-linked phosphocholine biosynthesis
-
-
cellulose degradation
-
-
cellulose degradation II (fungi)
-
-
ceramide and sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast)
-
-
ceramide biosynthesis
-
-
ceramide de novo biosynthesis
-
-
ceramide degradation (generic)
-
-
ceramide degradation by alpha-oxidation
-
-
chitin biosynthesis
-
-
chitin deacetylation
-
-
chitin degradation I (archaea)
-
-
chitin degradation II (Vibrio)
-
-
chitin degradation III (Serratia)
-
-
chitin derivatives degradation
-
-
Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
-
-
Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
-
-
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
chlorogenic acid degradation
-
-
chlorpyrifos degradation
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis (algae, late side-chain reductase)
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis (plants, early side-chain reductase)
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis I
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol)
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol)
-
-
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase)
-
-
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase)
-
-
choline biosynthesis I
-
-
choline biosynthesis III
-
-
choline degradation I
-
-
chondroitin biosynthesis
-
-
chondroitin sulfate degradation I (bacterial)
-
-
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate
-
-
chorismate metabolism
-
-
cis-geranyl-CoA degradation
-
-
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
-
-
citric acid cycle
-
-
CMP phosphorylation
-
-
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I
-
-
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes)
-
-
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria)
-
-
CO2 fixation in Crenarchaeota
-
-
CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic)
-
-
coenzyme A biosynthesis I (prokaryotic)
-
-
coenzyme A biosynthesis II (eukaryotic)
-
-
coenzyme A metabolism
-
-
coenzyme B biosynthesis
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis II
-
-
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis
-
-
colupulone and cohumulone biosynthesis
-
-
complex N-linked glycan biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
complex N-linked glycan biosynthesis (vertebrates)
-
-
conversion of succinate to propanoate
-
-
coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate)
-
-
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
creatine-phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
creatinine degradation
-
-
creatinine degradation I
-
-
creatinine degradation II
-
-
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate)
-
-
crotonyl-CoA/ethylmalonyl-CoA/hydroxybutyryl-CoA cycle (engineered)
-
-
curcuminoid biosynthesis
-
-
cuticular wax biosynthesis
-
-
cutin biosynthesis
-
-
Cutin, suberine and wax biosynthesis
-
-
cyanate degradation
cyanide degradation
-
-
cyanide detoxification I
-
-
cyanide detoxification II
-
-
Cyanoamino acid metabolism
-
-
Cysteine and methionine metabolism
-
-
cysteine metabolism
-
-
cytidylyl molybdenum cofactor sulfurylation
-
-
cytochrome c biogenesis (system I type)
-
-
cytochrome c biogenesis (system II type)
-
-
cytochrome c biogenesis (system III type)
-
-
cytosolic NADPH production (yeast)
-
-
D-Arginine and D-ornithine metabolism
-
-
D-galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway)
-
-
D-galactose degradation IV
-
-
D-galactose detoxification
-
-
D-glucuronate degradation I
-
-
D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
-
-
d-mannose degradation
-
-
D-mannose degradation I
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism
-
-
D-sorbitol biosynthesis I
-
-
D-sorbitol degradation I
-
-
d-xylose degradation
-
-
D-xylose degradation I
-
-
D-xylose degradation to ethylene glycol (engineered)
-
-
degradation of aromatic, nitrogen containing compounds
-
-
degradation of hexoses
-
-
degradation of sugar acids
-
-
degradation of sugar alcohols
-
-
denitrification
-
-
dermatan sulfate degradation I (bacterial)
-
-
detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts
-
-
di-myo-inositol phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
diacylglycerol biosynthesis (PUFA enrichment in oilseed)
-
-
diethylphosphate degradation
-
-
dimorphecolate biosynthesis
-
-
Dioxin degradation
-
-
dissimilatory sulfate reduction I (to hydrogen sufide))
-
-
divinyl ether biosynthesis II
-
-
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes)
-
-
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis III (6-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
dopamine degradation
-
-
drosopterin and aurodrosopterin biosynthesis
-
-
Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450
-
-
Drug metabolism - other enzymes
-
-
dTMP de novo biosynthesis (mitochondrial)
-
-
ecdysone and 20-hydroxyecdysone biosynthesis
-
-
ecdysteroid metabolism (arthropods)
-
-
enterobactin biosynthesis
-
-
Entner Doudoroff pathway
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway II (non-phosphorylative)
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway III (semi-phosphorylative)
-
-
ergosterol biosynthesis II
-
-
ergothioneine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
erythro-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis I
-
-
erythromycin D biosynthesis
-
-
Escherichia coli serotype O86 O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
ethanol degradation I
-
-
ethanol degradation II
-
-
ethanol degradation III
-
-
ethanol degradation IV
-
-
ethanol fermentation
-
-
ethanolamine utilization
-
-
ethene biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
ethene biosynthesis II (microbes)
-
-
ethene biosynthesis III (microbes)
-
-
ethene biosynthesis IV (engineered)
-
-
ethene biosynthesis V (engineered)
-
-
Ether lipid metabolism
-
-
ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway
-
-
eumelanin biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid alpha-oxidation I (plants)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation I (generic)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation II (plant peroxisome)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation IV (unsaturated, even number)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation V (unsaturated, odd number, di-isomerase-dependent)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation VI (mammalian peroxisome)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation VII (yeast peroxisome)
-
-
Fatty acid biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (mitochondria)
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (plant mitochondria)
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (type I)
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (type II)
-
-
Fatty acid degradation
-
-
Fatty acid elongation
-
-
fatty acid salvage
-
-
Fe(II) oxidation
-
-
felinine and 3-methyl-3-sulfanylbutan-1-ol biosynthesis
-
-
FeMo cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
ferrichrome A biosynthesis
-
-
firefly bioluminescence
-
-
flavin biosynthesis
-
-
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
flavin salvage
-
-
Flavone and flavonol biosynthesis
-
-
flavonoid biosynthesis
-
-
Flavonoid biosynthesis
-
-
flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum)
-
-
flavonoid di-C-glucosylation
-
-
flexixanthin biosynthesis
-
-
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis
-
-
Fluorobenzoate degradation
-
-
Folate biosynthesis
-
-
folate transformations I
-
-
folate transformations II (plants)
-
-
folate transformations III (E. coli)
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway)
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation II (assimilatory RuMP Cycle)
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle)
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation I
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent)
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation VII (THF pathway)
-
-
formate assimilation into 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate
-
-
formate to nitrite electron transfer
-
-
fructan degradation
-
-
fructose 2,6-bisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
Fructose and mannose metabolism
-
-
GABA shunt
-
-
Galactose metabolism
-
-
gallate degradation III (anaerobic)
-
-
gamma-glutamyl cycle
-
-
gamma-linolenate biosynthesis II (animals)
-
-
ganglio-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-D-perosamine biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-D-rhamnose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-L-colitose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose)
-
-
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose)
-
-
GDP-mannose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-mycosamine biosynthesis
-
-
gentisate degradation I
-
-
Geraniol degradation
-
-
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
ginsenoside metabolism
-
-
ginsenosides biosynthesis
-
-
gliotoxin biosynthesis
-
-
globo-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
-
-
glucocorticoid biosynthesis
-
-
gluconeogenesis
-
-
gluconeogenesis I
-
-
gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum)
-
-
gluconeogenesis III
-
-
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation
-
-
glucose degradation (oxidative)
-
-
glucosinolate activation
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tyrosine
-
-
glucosylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
glutamate and glutamine metabolism
-
-
glutamate removal from folates
-
-
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation
-
-
glutaryl-CoA degradation
-
-
glutathione biosynthesis
-
-
glutathione degradation (DUG pathway - yeast)
-
-
Glutathione metabolism
-
-
glutathione metabolism
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification I
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification II
-
-
glutathione-peroxide redox reactions
-
-
glycerol degradation I
-
-
glycerol degradation to butanol
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to hydrogen peroxide electron transport
-
-
Glycerolipid metabolism
-
-
glycerophosphodiester degradation
-
-
Glycerophospholipid metabolism
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis I (Gram-negative bacteria)
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis IV (from glycine)
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis V (from glycine)
-
-
glycine biosynthesis II
-
-
glycine biosynthesis III
-
-
glycine cleavage
-
-
glycine degradation (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
glycine metabolism
-
-
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis III (from alpha-maltose 1-phosphate)
-
-
glycogen degradation I
-
-
glycogen degradation II
-
-
glycogen metabolism
-
-
glycolysis
-
-
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
-
-
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis III (from glucose)
-
-
glycolysis IV
-
-
glycolysis V (Pyrococcus)
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - chondroitin sulfate / dermatan sulfate
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - heparan sulfate / heparin
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - keratan sulfate
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan degradation
-
-
glycosaminoglycan-protein linkage region biosynthesis
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglio series
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globo and isoglobo series
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - lacto and neolacto series
-
-
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis
-
-
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
-
-
glyoxylate assimilation
-
-
glyoxylate cycle
-
-
glyphosate degradation III
-
-
gossypol biosynthesis
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage II
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation III
-
-
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
heme b biosynthesis I (aerobic)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis II (oxygen-independent)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis V (aerobic)
-
-
heme degradation I
-
-
heme metabolism
-
-
heparan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages)
-
-
heptadecane biosynthesis
-
-
heterolactic fermentation
-
-
histamine biosynthesis
-
-
histamine degradation
-
-
Histidine metabolism
-
-
histidine metabolism
-
-
homocysteine and cysteine interconversion
-
-
homoglutathione biosynthesis
-
-
homospermidine biosynthesis I
-
-
homospermidine biosynthesis II
-
-
hyaluronan degradation
-
-
hydrogen production VI
-
-
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis
-
-
hydroxylated fatty acid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
hypoglycin biosynthesis
-
-
hypotaurine degradation
-
-
hypusine biosynthesis
-
-
i antigen and I antigen biosynthesis
-
-
IAA biosynthesis
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis II (6-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (8-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis V (8-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
incomplete reductive TCA cycle
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (herbivore attack)
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (intact plant cell)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi)
-
-
inosine 5'-phosphate degradation
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis III
-
-
inositol diphosphates biosynthesis
-
-
Inositol phosphate metabolism
-
-
Insect hormone biosynthesis
-
-
ipsdienol biosynthesis
-
-
isoleucine metabolism
-
-
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered)
-
-
isoprenoid biosynthesis
-
-
Isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
itaconate degradation
-
-
jadomycin biosynthesis
-
-
jasmonic acid biosynthesis
-
-
juniperonate biosynthesis
-
-
justicidin B biosynthesis
-
-
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis I
-
-
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis II
-
-
ketogenesis
-
-
ketogluconate metabolism
ketolysis
-
-
L-alanine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-alanine degradation II (to D-lactate)
-
-
L-alanine degradation III
-
-
L-alanine degradation V (oxidative Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-alanine degradation VI (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-arabinose degradation II
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis IV (archaea)
-
-
L-arginine degradation I (arginase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation XIII (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-arginine degradation XIV (oxidative Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis I (plants, L-galactose pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV (animals, D-glucuronate pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (plants, myo-inositol pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VII (plants, D-galacturonate pathway)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VIII (engineered pathway)
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent)
-
-
L-asparagine degradation I
-
-
L-asparagine degradation III (mammalian)
-
-
L-aspartate biosynthesis
-
-
L-aspartate degradation I
-
-
L-carnitine degradation III
-
-
L-citrulline biosynthesis
-
-
L-citrulline degradation
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis III (from L-homocysteine)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VI (from L-methionine)
-
-
L-cysteine degradation III
-
-
L-dopa and L-dopachrome biosynthesis
-
-
L-dopa degradation II (bacterial)
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis I
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis II
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-glutamate degradation I
-
-
L-glutamate degradation II
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IV
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutanoate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation V (via hydroxyglutarate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation X
-
-
L-glutamate degradation XI (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-glutamine degradation I
-
-
L-glutamine degradation II
-
-
L-histidine degradation III
-
-
L-histidine degradation V
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine)
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis V
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation I
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation II
-
-
L-lactaldehyde degradation
-
-
L-leucine degradation I
-
-
L-leucine degradation III
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis V
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis VI
-
-
L-lysine degradation V
-
-
L-lysine degradation XI (mammalian)
-
-
L-lysine fermentation to acetate and butanoate
-
-
L-malate degradation II
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine)
-
-
L-methionine degradation III
-
-
L-methionine salvage from L-homocysteine
-
-
L-Ndelta-acetylornithine biosynthesis
-
-
L-nicotianamine biosynthesis
-
-
L-ornithine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-ornithine degradation I (L-proline biosynthesis)
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation III
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation V
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation VI (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis I (from L-glutamate)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis II (from arginine)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis III (from L-ornithine)
-
-
L-proline degradation I
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes)
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-threonine degradation I
-
-
L-threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal)
-
-
L-threonine degradation V
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation I (via anthranilate)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation X (mammalian, via tryptamine)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine)
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation I
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation II
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation III
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation IV (to 4-methylphenol)
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation V (reductive Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-valine biosynthesis
-
-
L-valine degradation I
-
-
L-valine degradation II
-
-
lacinilene C biosynthesis
-
-
lactate fermentation
-
-
lacto-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
-
-
lactose degradation II
-
-
lanosterol biosynthesis
-
-
leucine metabolism
-
-
leukotriene biosynthesis
-
-
Limonene and pinene degradation
-
-
limonene degradation IV (anaerobic)
-
-
linalool biosynthesis I
-
-
linamarin degradation
-
-
linoleate biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
linoleate biosynthesis II (animals)
-
-
Linoleic acid metabolism
-
-
linustatin bioactivation
-
-
lipid A biosynthesis
-
-
lipid A-core biosynthesis (E. coli K-12)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (P. putida)
-
-
lipid metabolism
-
-
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
lipoxin biosynthesis
-
-
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis (engineered)
-
-
long-chain fatty acid activation
-
-
lotaustralin degradation
-
-
lupulone and humulone biosynthesis
-
-
luteolin triglucuronide degradation
-
-
Lysine biosynthesis
-
-
Lysine degradation
-
-
lysine metabolism
-
-
malate/L-aspartate shuttle pathway
-
-
mannitol cycle
-
-
Mannose type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
matairesinol biosynthesis
-
-
melatonin degradation I
-
-
melatonin degradation II
-
-
Metabolic pathways
-
-
metabolism of amino sugars and derivatives
-
-
metabolism of disaccharids
-
-
Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450
-
-
Methane metabolism
-
-
methane metabolism
-
-
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism
-
-
methanofuran biosynthesis
-
-
methanogenesis from acetate
-
-
methanogenesis from methanol
-
-
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV
-
-
methiin metabolism
-
-
methionine metabolism
-
-
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion
-
-
methyl ketone biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
methyl parathion degradation
-
-
methyl phomopsenoate biosynthesis
-
-
methyl tert-butyl ether degradation
-
-
methyl-coenzyme M reduction to methane
-
-
methylaspartate cycle
methylgallate degradation
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation I
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation VI
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation VIII
-
-
methylsalicylate degradation
-
-
methylwyosine biosynthesis
-
-
mevalonate metabolism
-
-
mevalonate pathway I (eukaryotes and bacteria)
-
-
mevalonate pathway II (haloarchaea)
-
-
mevalonate pathway III (Thermoplasma)
-
-
mevalonate pathway IV (archaea)
-
-
Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
-
-
mineralocorticoid biosynthesis
-
-
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle
-
-
mitochondrial NADPH production (yeast)
-
-
mixed acid fermentation
-
-
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
molybdopterin biosynthesis
-
-
mono-trans, poly-cis decaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
monoacylglycerol metabolism (yeast)
-
-
Monobactam biosynthesis
-
-
mRNA capping I
-
-
mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation
-
-
mucin core 3 and core 4 O-glycosylation
-
-
Mucin type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
mupirocin biosynthesis
-
-
muropeptide degradation
-
-
mycolate biosynthesis
-
-
mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis
-
-
mycothiol biosynthesis
-
-
myo-inositol biosynthesis
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I
-
-
N-Glycan biosynthesis
-
-
N-methylpyrrolidone degradation
-
-
NAD biosynthesis III (from nicotinamide)
-
-
NAD metabolism
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and transhydrogenation
-
-
NAD salvage (plants)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway I (PNC VI cycle)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway III (to nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway IV (from nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway V (PNC V cycle)
-
-
NAD(P)/NADPH interconversion
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
NADP biosynthesis
-
-
Naphthalene degradation
-
-
naringenin biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
neolacto-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
-
-
neolinustatin bioactivation
-
-
Neomycin, kanamycin and gentamicin biosynthesis
-
-
Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
-
-
nicotine degradation I (pyridine pathway)
-
-
nicotine degradation IV
-
-
nicotine degradation V
-
-
nitrate assimilation
-
-
nitrate reduction I (denitrification)
-
-
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction IX (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VI (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification)
-
-
nitrate reduction X (dissimilatory, periplasmic)
-
-
nitric oxide biosynthesis II (mammals)
-
-
nitrifier denitrification
-
-
nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation
-
-
nitrogen fixation I (ferredoxin)
-
-
Nitrogen metabolism
-
-
Nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
nocardicin A biosynthesis
-
-
non-pathway related
-
-
noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation
-
-
Novobiocin biosynthesis
-
-
nucleoside and nucleotide degradation (archaea)
-
-
O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
O-Antigen nucleotide sugar biosynthesis
-
-
o-diquinones biosynthesis
-
-
octane oxidation
octopamine biosynthesis
-
-
oleandomycin activation/inactivation
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (isomerase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (reductase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (thioesterase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi)
-
-
oleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
One carbon pool by folate
-
-
ophthalmate biosynthesis
-
-
ornithine metabolism
-
-
Other glycan degradation
-
-
Other types of O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate
-
-
Oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis (type I fatty acid synthase)
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis (type II fatty acid synthase)
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
palmitoyl ethanolamide biosynthesis
-
-
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
-
-
pantothenate biosynthesis
-
-
paraoxon degradation
-
-
parathion degradation
-
-
partial TCA cycle (obligate autotrophs)
-
-
pectin degradation II
-
-
pederin biosynthesis
-
-
Penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis
-
-
penicillin K biosynthesis
-
-
pentachlorophenol degradation
-
-
Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
-
-
Pentose phosphate pathway
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) I
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) II
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (partial)
-
-
periplasmic disulfide bond formation
-
-
phenol degradation
-
-
phenolic malonylglucosides biosynthesis
-
-
phenylacetate degradation (aerobic)
-
-
phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
Phenylalanine metabolism
-
-
phenylalanine metabolism
-
-
Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
-
-
phenylethanol biosynthesis
-
-
phenylethylamine degradation I
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoids methylation (ice plant)
-
-
pheomelanin biosynthesis
-
-
phloridzin biosynthesis
-
-
phosphate acquisition
-
-
phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast)
-
-
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule
-
-
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis II
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VII
-
-
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine bioynthesis
-
-
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
phospholipases
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast)
-
-
Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis II
-
-
Photosynthesis
-
-
photosynthesis
-
-
photosynthesis light reactions
-
-
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
phytate degradation I
-
-
phytol degradation
-
-
phytosterol biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
plasmalogen biosynthesis
-
-
plasmalogen degradation
-
-
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis II
-
-
platensimycin biosynthesis
-
-
poly-hydroxy fatty acids biosynthesis
-
-
polyamine pathway
-
-
polyhydroxybutanoate biosynthesis
-
-
polyhydroxydecanoate biosynthesis
-
-
polyphosphate metabolism
-
-
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
-
-
ppGpp biosynthesis
-
-
ppGpp metabolism
-
-
preQ0 biosynthesis
-
-
Primary bile acid biosynthesis
-
-
procollagen hydroxylation and glycosylation
-
-
proline metabolism
-
-
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
propanethial S-oxide biosynthesis
-
-
propanoate fermentation to 2-methylbutanoate
-
-
Propanoate metabolism
-
-
propanol degradation
-
-
propanoyl CoA degradation I
-
-
propionate fermentation
-
-
protein citrullination
-
-
protein N-glycosylation initial phase (eukaryotic)
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (plants and animals)
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (yeast)
-
-
protein NEDDylation
-
-
protein O-mannosylation I (yeast)
-
-
protein O-mannosylation II (mammals, core M1 and core M2)
-
-
protein O-mannosylation III (mammals, core M3)
-
-
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation
-
-
protein S-nitrosylation and denitrosylation
-
-
protein ubiquitination
-
-
protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway)
-
-
PRPP biosynthesis
-
-
pseudouridine degradation
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation II
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
Purine metabolism
-
-
purine metabolism
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation I (anaerobic)
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
purine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis III
-
-
putrescine degradation III
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage II (plants)
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis IV
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation
-
-
Pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III
-
-
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA I
-
-
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-acetoin
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-lactate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VI
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetoin III
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanoate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanol I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to propanoate I
-
-
Pyruvate metabolism
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis I (de novo)
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis III (queuosine salvage)
-
-
quinoxaline-2-carboxylate biosynthesis
-
-
reactive oxygen species degradation
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway I (homoacetogenic bacteria)
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway II (autotrophic methanogens)
-
-
reductive TCA cycle I
-
-
reductive TCA cycle II
-
-
resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
retinoate biosynthesis I
-
-
retinol biosynthesis
-
-
Retinol metabolism
-
-
Riboflavin metabolism
-
-
ricinoleate biosynthesis
-
-
roseoflavin biosynthesis
-
-
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis II
-
-
Rubisco shunt
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine salvage I
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine salvage II
-
-
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II
-
-
S-methyl-L-methionine cycle
-
-
salicylate biosynthesis I
-
-
salidroside biosynthesis
-
-
salinosporamide A biosynthesis
-
-
saponin biosynthesis II
-
-
sciadonate biosynthesis
-
-
scopoletin biosynthesis
-
-
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass
-
-
selenate reduction
-
-
Selenocompound metabolism
-
-
selenocysteine biosynthesis
-
-
senecionine N-oxide biosynthesis
-
-
serine metabolism
-
-
serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis
-
-
serotonin degradation
-
-
sesamin biosynthesis
-
-
Sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
sitosterol degradation to androstenedione
-
-
sorbitol biosynthesis II
-
-
sorgoleone biosynthesis
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis I
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis III
-
-
spermine and spermidine degradation I
-
-
spermine biosynthesis
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals)
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (yeast)
-
-
Sphingolipid metabolism
-
-
sphingomyelin metabolism
-
-
sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism
-
-
sphingosine metabolism
-
-
Spodoptera littoralis pheromone biosynthesis
-
-
sporopollenin precursors biosynthesis
-
-
stachyose degradation
-
-
Starch and sucrose metabolism
-
-
starch biosynthesis
-
-
starch degradation
-
-
starch degradation I
-
-
starch degradation II
-
-
starch degradation III
-
-
starch degradation IV
-
-
starch degradation V
-
-
stearate biosynthesis I (animals)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
stellatic acid biosynthesis
-
-
Steroid biosynthesis
-
-
Steroid degradation
-
-
Steroid hormone biosynthesis
-
-
sterol biosynthesis (methylotrophs)
-
-
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast)
-
-
stigma estolide biosynthesis
-
-
Stilbenoid, diarylheptanoid and gingerol biosynthesis
-
-
streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
Streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
Styrene degradation
-
-
suberin monomers biosynthesis
succinate fermentation to butanoate
-
-
succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
-
-
succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis)
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis II
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis III
-
-
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase)
-
-
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase)
-
-
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)
-
-
sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase)
-
-
sucrose degradation V (sucrose alpha-glucosidase)
-
-
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase)
-
-
sulfate activation for sulfonation
-
-
sulfate reduction
-
-
sulfide oxidation IV (mitochondria)
-
-
sulfite oxidation I
-
-
sulfite oxidation II
-
-
sulfite oxidation III
-
-
sulfite oxidation IV (sulfite oxidase)
-
-
sulfolactate degradation III
-
-
sulfopterin metabolism
-
-
Sulfur metabolism
-
-
superoxide radicals degradation
-
-
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of coenzyme A biosynthesis III (mammals)
-
-
superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
-
-
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation
-
-
superpathway of glycolysis and the Entner-Doudoroff pathway
-
-
superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation
-
-
superpathway of L-aspartate and L-asparagine biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of methylsalicylate metabolism
-
-
superpathway of ornithine degradation
-
-
superpathway of photosynthetic hydrogen production
-
-
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis
-
-
Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
-
-
syringate degradation
-
-
Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
-
-
taurine biosynthesis I
-
-
taurine biosynthesis II
-
-
TCA cycle I (prokaryotic)
-
-
TCA cycle II (plants and fungi)
-
-
TCA cycle III (animals)
-
-
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase)
-
-
TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate synthase)
-
-
TCA cycle VI (Helicobacter)
-
-
TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers)
-
-
teichuronic acid biosynthesis (B. subtilis 168)
-
-
terminal O-glycans residues modification (via type 2 precursor disaccharide)
-
-
Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
-
-
testosterone and androsterone degradation to androstendione (aerobic)
-
-
tetracenomycin C biosynthesis
-
-
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis
-
-
tetrahydrofolate metabolism
-
-
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate
-
-
tetrahydromonapterin biosynthesis
-
-
tetrahydropteridine recycling
-
-
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate)
-
-
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine)
-
-
the visual cycle I (vertebrates)
-
-
theobromine biosynthesis I
-
-
theophylline degradation
-
-
Thiamine metabolism
-
-
thioredoxin pathway
-
-
thiosulfate disproportionation IV (rhodanese)
-
-
threo-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis
-
-
threonine metabolism
-
-
thymine degradation
-
-
thyroid hormone biosynthesis
-
-
thyroid hormone metabolism II (via conjugation and/or degradation)
-
-
Toluene degradation
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate (via 4-methylcatechol)
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate (via toluene-cis-diol)
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I (via o-cresol)
-
-
toxoflavin biosynthesis
-
-
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
trans-zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
traumatin and (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate biosynthesis
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis I
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis II
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis III
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis V
-
-
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity)
-
-
trehalose degradation II (cytosolic)
-
-
trehalose degradation IV
-
-
trehalose degradation V
-
-
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic)
-
-
triacylglycerol degradation
-
-
trimethylamine degradation
-
-
tRNA charging
-
-
tRNA methylation (yeast)
-
-
tRNA processing
-
-
tRNA splicing I
-
-
tRNA splicing II
-
-
Tropane, piperidine and pyridine alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
Tryptophan metabolism
-
-
tryptophan metabolism
-
-
tunicamycin biosynthesis
-
-
type I lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis (S. aureus)
-
-
type IV lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis (S. pneumoniae)
-
-
Tyrosine metabolism
-
-
tyrosine metabolism
-
-
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (early decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (early decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (early decarboxylation)
-
-
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (early decarboxylation)
-
-
Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
-
-
ubiquinone biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-galactofuranose biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-galactose biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose)
-
-
UDP-GlcNAc biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis III
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
ultra-long-chain fatty acid biosynthesis
-
-
UMP biosynthesis I
-
-
UMP biosynthesis II
-
-
UMP biosynthesis III
-
-
uracil degradation I (reductive)
-
-
urate conversion to allantoin I
-
-
urate conversion to allantoin II
-
-
urate conversion to allantoin III
-
-
urea cycle
urea degradation II
-
-
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II
-
-
valine metabolism
-
-
Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
-
-
Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
-
-
valproate beta-oxidation
-
-
vancomycin resistance I
-
-
vanillin biosynthesis I
-
-
Various types of N-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I
-
-
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II
-
-
viridicatumtoxin biosynthesis
-
-
vitamin B1 metabolism
-
-
Vitamin B6 metabolism
-
-
vitamin B6 metabolism
-
-
vitamin K metabolism
-
-
vitamin K-epoxide cycle
-
-
wax esters biosynthesis I
-
-
wax esters biosynthesis II
-
-
xanthine and xanthosine salvage
-
-
xanthohumol biosynthesis
-
-
Xylene degradation
-
-
xylitol degradation
-
-
xyloglucan degradation II (exoglucanase)
-
-
Zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
zymosterol biosynthesis
-
-
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis
-
-
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
SOURCE TISSUE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
SOURCE
P12613 AND Q9W392 AND P48605 AND Q9VK69 AND Q7KKI0 AND Q9VXQ5 AND Q9VHL2 AND Q7K3J0
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
dorsal longitudinal tracheal trunks and tracheal transverse connectives at embryonic stages 15-17, loss of PGANT35A activity leads to tracheal defects at embryonic stages 15-17, altered intracellular trafficking, reduction in apical and luminal epithelial marker components, alterations in cell shape, polarity and zona adherens formation, mislocation and disfunction of septate junctions, disruption of paracellular diffusion barrier formation
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
larval garland cell
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
tissue culture cell, HTC cells
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
isoenzyme DHT2 is selectively expressed in central nervous system. DTH1 cannot perform the function of the DTH II in the hypoderm
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
embryonic cell
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
EcR-deficient cell
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
in the late embryos high activity is detected in the tracheas and their orifices as well as in the larynx
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
P12613 AND Q9W392 AND P48605 AND Q9VK69 AND Q7KKI0 AND Q9VXQ5 AND Q9VHL2 AND Q7K3J0
prothoracic gland PG, a steroidogenic organ, PG cells undergo approximately four rounds of endocycling
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
during metamorphosis
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
neuroendocrine Tv cells of larval brains
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
atypical sGC primarily expressed
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
Schneider 2 cell line, each splice variant of enzyme occurs in this cell line. Short enzyme forms containing a single carboxypeptidase domain are secreted from S2 cells, while long forms containing three carboxypeptidase domains, a transmembrane domain, and one out of two cytosolic domains are retained. C-terminal tail 2 leads to Golgi localization. The two C-terminal tails result in different internalization efficiencies from the cell surface
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
highly expressed in large basiconic sensilla
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
CalpA protein is apically enriched in the submembranous cyto­plasm of the embryo syncytium
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
additional information