Information on Organism Zea mays

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EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
transferred to EC 1.1.5.3
deleted, the activty is included in EC 1.3.5.1, succinate dehydrogenase (quinone)
transferred to EC 1.3.8.7, medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, EC 1.3.8.8, long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and EC 1.3.8.9, very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
transferred to EC 1.7.1.1, nitrate reductase (NADH), EC 1.7.1.2, nitrate reductase [NAD(P)H], EC 1.7.1.3, nitrate reductase (NADPH), EC 1.7.5.1, nitrate reductase (quinone), EC 1.7.7.2, nitrate reductase (ferredoxin) and EC 1.9.6.1, nitrate reductase (cytochrome)
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
deleted. Now described by EC 2.1.1.354, [histone H3]-lysine4 N-trimethyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.355, [histone H3]-lysine9 N-trimethyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.356, [histone H3]-lysine27 N-trimethyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.357, [histone H3]-lysine36 N-dimethyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.358, [histone H3]-dimethyl-L-lysine36 N-methyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.359, [histone H3]-lysine36 N-trimethyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.360, [histone H3]-lysine79 N-trimethyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.361, [histone H4]-lysine20 N-methyltransferase, and EC 2.1.1.362, [histone H4]-N-methyl-L-lysine20 N-methyltransferase.
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
reinstated 2006, had been eliminated in 1972
deleted 2008. Now divided into EC 4.3.1.23 (tyrosine ammonia-lyase), EC 4.3.1.24 (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) and EC 4.3.1.25 (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase)
transferred to EC 5.4.2.11, EC 5.4.2.12. Now recognized as two separate enzymes EC 5.4.2.11, phosphoglycerate mutase (2,3-diphosphoglycerate-dependent) and EC 5.4.2.12, phosphoglycerate mutase (2,3-diphosphoglycerate-independent)
transferred to EC 6.3.5.2
PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
(S)-propane-1,2-diol degradation
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3-methylbutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
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acetaldehyde biosynthesis I
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acetylene degradation (anaerobic)
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alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
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Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
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butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
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chitin degradation to ethanol
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Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
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Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450
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ethanol degradation I
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ethanol degradation II
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ethanol fermentation
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ethanolamine utilization
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Fatty acid degradation
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Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
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Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
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heterolactic fermentation
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L-isoleucine degradation II
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L-leucine degradation III
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L-methionine degradation III
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L-phenylalanine degradation III
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L-tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway)
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L-tyrosine degradation III
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L-valine degradation II
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leucine metabolism
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Metabolic pathways
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Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450
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methionine metabolism
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Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
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mixed acid fermentation
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Naphthalene degradation
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noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation
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phenylalanine metabolism
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phenylethanol biosynthesis
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phytol degradation
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propanol degradation
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III
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pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered)
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Retinol metabolism
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salidroside biosynthesis
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serotonin degradation
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superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
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Tyrosine metabolism
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tyrosine metabolism
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valine metabolism
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Caprolactam degradation
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detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts
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ethylene glycol biosynthesis (engineered)
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Glycerolipid metabolism
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L-tryptophan degradation X (mammalian, via tryptamine)
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lipid metabolism
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Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
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pyruvate fermentation to butanol I
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traumatin and (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate biosynthesis
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Cysteine and methionine metabolism
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L-homoserine biosynthesis
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Lysine biosynthesis
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threonine metabolism
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degradation of sugar alcohols
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glycerol degradation II
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glycerol degradation V
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Propanoate metabolism
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1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered)
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glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle
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Glycerophospholipid metabolism
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phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast)
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xylitol degradation
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D-sorbitol degradation I
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Fructose and mannose metabolism
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D-galactose degradation IV
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Folate biosynthesis
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Galactose metabolism
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L-arabinose degradation II
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Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
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Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
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non-pathway related
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teichuronic acid biosynthesis (B. subtilis 168)
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UDP-alpha-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose)
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chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate
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chorismate metabolism
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Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
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D-xylose degradation IV
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glycolate and glyoxylate degradation
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Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
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L-arabinose degradation IV
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(S)-lactate fermentation to propanoate, acetate and hydrogen
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Bifidobacterium shunt
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L-lactaldehyde degradation
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lactate fermentation
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pyruvate fermentation to (S)-lactate
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Pyruvate metabolism
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superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation
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alanine metabolism
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L-alanine degradation II (to D-lactate)
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vancomycin resistance I
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Methane metabolism
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photorespiration
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serine metabolism
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isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered)
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mevalonate metabolism
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mevalonate pathway I
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mevalonate pathway II (archaea)
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mevalonate pathway III (archaea)
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Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
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(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
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2-methylpropene degradation
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3-hydroxypropanoate/4-hydroxybutanate cycle
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4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis III (plants)
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adipate degradation
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androstenedione degradation
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Benzoate degradation
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benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic)
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Butanoate metabolism
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Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
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cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase)
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cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase)
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CO2 fixation in Crenarchaeota
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crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate)
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fatty acid beta-oxidation I (generic)
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fatty acid beta-oxidation II (plant peroxisome)
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fatty acid beta-oxidation VI (mammalian peroxisome)
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Fatty acid elongation
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fatty acid salvage
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Geraniol degradation
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glutaryl-CoA degradation
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L-glutamate degradation V (via hydroxyglutarate)
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Lysine degradation
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methyl ketone biosynthesis (engineered)
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methyl tert-butyl ether degradation
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oleate beta-oxidation
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phenylacetate degradation (aerobic)
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phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic)
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pyruvate fermentation to butanoate
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pyruvate fermentation to butanol II (engineered)
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pyruvate fermentation to hexanol (engineered)
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Toluene degradation
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Tryptophan metabolism
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tryptophan metabolism
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Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
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4-oxopentanoate degradation
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acetyl-CoA fermentation to butanoate II
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butanoate fermentation
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ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway
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polyhydroxybutanoate biosynthesis
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol)
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C4 and CAM-carbon fixation
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type
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Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
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Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
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citric acid cycle
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formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway)
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gluconeogenesis I
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gluconeogenesis III
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glyoxylate cycle
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incomplete reductive TCA cycle
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malate/L-aspartate shuttle pathway
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methylaspartate cycle
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partial TCA cycle (obligate autotrophs)
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pyruvate fermentation to propanoate I
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reductive TCA cycle I
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reductive TCA cycle II
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superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation
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TCA cycle I (prokaryotic)
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TCA cycle II (plants and fungi)
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TCA cycle III (animals)
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TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase)
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TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase)
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial)
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gluconeogenesis
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L-carnitine degradation III
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L-malate degradation II
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type
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photosynthesis
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L-glutamine biosynthesis III
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ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered)
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Glutathione metabolism
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NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH cytosolic interconversion (yeast)
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TCA cycle VI (Helicobacter)
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TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers)
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glucose degradation (oxidative)
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Pentose phosphate pathway
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pentose phosphate pathway
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pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway I
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formaldehyde oxidation I
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superpathway of glycolysis and the Entner-Doudoroff pathway
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androgen and estrogen metabolism
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Steroid degradation
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Steroid hormone biosynthesis
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testosterone and androsterone degradation to androstendione
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methylglyoxal degradation VI
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L-serine biosynthesis II
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(5Z)-dodecenoate biosynthesis I
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(5Z)-dodecenoate biosynthesis II
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8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis I
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arachidonate biosynthesis
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Biotin metabolism
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cis-vaccenate biosynthesis
Fatty acid biosynthesis
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fatty acid elongation -- saturated
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gondoate biosynthesis (anaerobic)
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mycolate biosynthesis
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myristate biosynthesis (mitochondria)
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octanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast)
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oleate biosynthesis IV (anaerobic)
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palmitate biosynthesis
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palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plant cytoplasm)
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palmitoleate biosynthesis I (from (5Z)-dodec-5-enoate)
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petroselinate biosynthesis
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stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants)
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superpathway of mycolate biosynthesis
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retinoate biosynthesis I
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Entner Doudoroff pathway
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capsiconiate biosynthesis
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phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
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Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
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phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
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Flavonoid biosynthesis
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leucodelphinidin biosynthesis
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leucopelargonidin and leucocyanidin biosynthesis
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apigeninidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis
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luteolinidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis
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isoprenoid biosynthesis
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methylerythritol phosphate pathway I
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methylerythritol phosphate pathway II
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cholesterol biosynthesis
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cholesterol biosynthesis (plants)
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cholesterol biosynthesis I
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cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol)
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phytosterol biosynthesis (plants)
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Steroid biosynthesis
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sterol biosynthesis (methylotrophs)
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zymosterol biosynthesis
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formaldehyde oxidation
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formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent)
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protein S-nitrosylation and denitrosylation
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abscisic acid biosynthesis
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Carotenoid biosynthesis
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(1'S,5'S)-averufin biosynthesis
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Aflatoxin biosynthesis
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methylglyoxal degradation V
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methane metabolism
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methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV
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glycine metabolism
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Aminobenzoate degradation
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glycerol degradation I
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glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
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glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer
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glycerol-3-phosphate to hydrogen peroxide electron transport
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glycerophosphodiester degradation
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nitrate reduction IX (dissimilatory)
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nitrate reduction X (dissimilatory, periplasmic)
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choline degradation I
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glycine betaine biosynthesis
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glycine betaine biosynthesis I (Gram-negative bacteria)
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alkane oxidation
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Arginine and proline metabolism
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aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria)
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beta-Alanine metabolism
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beta-methyl-branched fatty acid alpha-oxidation
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ceramide and sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast)
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ceramide degradation by alpha-oxidation
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dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis I (Wollastonia)
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dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis II (Spartina)
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dopamine degradation
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway III (semi-phosphorylative)
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ethanol degradation III
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ethanol degradation IV
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fatty acid alpha-oxidation I (plants)
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histamine degradation
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Histidine metabolism
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histidine metabolism
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hypotaurine degradation
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Insect hormone biosynthesis
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Limonene and pinene degradation
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limonene degradation IV (anaerobic)
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NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH mitochondrial interconversion (yeast)
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octane oxidation
putrescine degradation III
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sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism
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Phenylalanine metabolism
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choline degradation IV
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glycine betaine biosynthesis II (Gram-positive bacteria)
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glycine betaine biosynthesis III (plants)
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glycolysis
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glycolysis IV (plant cytosol)
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3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis II (archaea)
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dipicolinate biosynthesis
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ectoine biosynthesis
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grixazone biosynthesis
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L-lysine biosynthesis I
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L-lysine biosynthesis II
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L-lysine biosynthesis III
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L-lysine biosynthesis VI
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L-methionine biosynthesis IV (archaea)
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Monobactam biosynthesis
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norspermidine biosynthesis
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spermidine biosynthesis II
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formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle)
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glycerol degradation to butanol
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glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate)
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glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate)
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glycolysis III (from glucose)
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sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis)
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Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle
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L-lysine degradation I
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L-lysine degradation X
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putrescine degradation I
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putrescine degradation IV
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putrescine degradation V
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arginine metabolism
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Carbapenem biosynthesis
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L-citrulline biosynthesis
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L-Ndelta-acetylornithine biosynthesis
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L-ornithine biosynthesis II
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L-proline biosynthesis I (from L-glutamate)
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proline metabolism
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formaldehyde oxidation IV (thiol-independent)
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methanol oxidation to carbon dioxide
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acetate fermentation
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acetyl-CoA biosynthesis II (NADP-dependent pyruvate dehydrogenase)
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oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate
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4-coumarate degradation (aerobic)
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4-coumarate degradation (anaerobic)
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pinoresinol degradation
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trans-caffeate degradation (aerobic)
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vanillin and vanillate degradation I
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vanillin and vanillate degradation II
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Cutin, suberine and wax biosynthesis
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plasmalogen biosynthesis
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Spodoptera littoralis pheromone biosynthesis
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sporopollenin precursors biosynthesis
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wax esters biosynthesis I
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Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
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ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes)
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L-arginine degradation I (arginase pathway)
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L-proline degradation
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Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
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Vitamin B6 metabolism
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oxalate degradation IV
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indole-3-acetate biosynthesis VI (bacteria)
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L-tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine)
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acetyl CoA biosynthesis
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pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA
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2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA
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vitamin B1 metabolism
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Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
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Pyrimidine metabolism
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3-dimethylallyl-4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis
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L-tyrosine biosynthesis I
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Novobiocin biosynthesis
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cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol)
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3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent)
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chlorophyll metabolism
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Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
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jasmonic acid biosynthesis
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L-tyrosine biosynthesis III
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(-)-maackiain biosynthesis
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(-)-medicarpin biosynthesis
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Isoflavonoid biosynthesis
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ergosterol biosynthesis II
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bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis
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bacteriochlorophyll c biosynthesis
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bacteriochlorophyll d biosynthesis
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bacteriochlorophyll e biosynthesis
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chlorophyll a biosynthesis I
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chlorophyll a biosynthesis II
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2,3-cis-flavanols biosynthesis
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proanthocyanidins biosynthesis from flavanols
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L-tyrosine biosynthesis II
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botryococcenes and methylated squalene biosynthesis
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ascorbate metabolism
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L-ascorbate biosynthesis I (L-galactose pathway)
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3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent)
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heme b biosynthesis I (aerobic)
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heme metabolism
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superpathway of heme b biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III
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(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z)-docosapentaenoate biosynthesis (6-desaturase)
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10-cis-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (yeast)
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10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (reductase-dependent, yeast)
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6-gingerol analog biosynthesis (engineered)
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9-cis, 11-trans-octadecadienoyl-CoA degradation (isomerase-dependent, yeast)
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Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
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crotonyl-CoA/ethylmalonyl-CoA/hydroxybutyryl-CoA cycle (engineered)
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docosahexaenoate biosynthesis III (6-desaturase, mammals)
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fatty acid beta-oxidation V (unsaturated, odd number, di-isomerase-dependent)
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fatty acid beta-oxidation VII (yeast peroxisome)
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oleate beta-oxidation (isomerase-dependent, yeast)
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propanoyl-CoA degradation II
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aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c)
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aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast)
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aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway)
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Oxidative phosphorylation
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propionate fermentation
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succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
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succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
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carotenoid biosynthesis
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phytochromobilin biosynthesis
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3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis II (anaerobic)
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chlorophyll a degradation I
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chlorophyll a degradation II
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4-aminobutanoate degradation V
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beta-alanine biosynthesis II
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gallate degradation III (anaerobic)
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glutamate and glutamine metabolism
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L-lysine fermentation to acetate and butanoate
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succinate fermentation to butanoate
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Arginine biosynthesis
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ethylene biosynthesis IV (engineered)
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L-glutamate degradation I
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Nitrogen metabolism
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Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
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D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
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GABA shunt
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L-glutamate biosynthesis II
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L-glutamate degradation X
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L-glutamate biosynthesis III
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nitrate reduction V (assimilatory)
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nitrate reduction VI (assimilatory)
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L-glutamate biosynthesis I
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L-glutamine degradation II
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ammonia assimilation cycle I
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L-glutamate biosynthesis IV
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D-Arginine and D-ornithine metabolism
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L-lysine degradation V
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lysine metabolism
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Penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis
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Isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis
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L-phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain)
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melatonin degradation II
-
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4-amino-2-methyl-5-phosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis
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pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
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pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I
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pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage II (plants)
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vitamin B6 metabolism
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L-threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal)
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phenylethylamine degradation I
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Tropane, piperidine and pyridine alkaloid biosynthesis
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beta-alanine biosynthesis I
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N-methyl-Delta1-pyrrolinium cation biosynthesis
-
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glycine biosynthesis II
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glycine cleavage
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ammonia assimilation cycle II
-
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L-glutamate biosynthesis V
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L-arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway)
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L-ornithine degradation II (Stickland reaction)
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L-proline biosynthesis II (from arginine)
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L-proline biosynthesis III (from L-ornithine)
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folate transformations II (plants)
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folate transformations III (E. coli)
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One carbon pool by folate
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tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis
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tetrahydrofolate metabolism
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L-lysine degradation XI (mammalian)
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pyruvate fermentation to opines
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folate transformations I
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway I (homoacetogenic bacteria)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis
-
-
Riboflavin metabolism
-
-
polyamine pathway
-
-
spermine and spermidine degradation I
-
-
spermine and spermidine degradation II
-
-
beta-alanine biosynthesis IV
-
-
spermine and spermidine degradation III
-
-
glyphosate degradation I
-
-
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
Zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of photosynthetic hydrogen production
-
-
Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
-
-
vitamin K-epoxide cycle
-
-
ascorbate recycling (cytosolic)
-
-
4-nitrophenol degradation I
-
-
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory)
-
-
ammonia oxidation II (anaerobic)
-
-
denitrification
-
-
nitrate reduction I (denitrification)
-
-
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification)
-
-
nitrifier denitrification
-
-
nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation
-
-
allantoin degradation
-
-
Caffeine metabolism
-
-
Purine metabolism
-
-
urate conversion to allantoin I
-
-
nitrate reduction III (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VIII (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VIIIb (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate assimilation
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction I
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction III
-
-
sulfate reduction
-
-
Sulfur metabolism
-
-
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA
-
-
glutathione metabolism
-
-
glutathione-peroxide redox reactions
-
-
Selenocompound metabolism
-
-
thioredoxin pathway
-
-
sulfite oxidation I
-
-
sulfide oxidation IV (mitochondria)
-
-
sulfite oxidation IV
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction II
-
-
selenate reduction
-
-
ascorbate glutathione cycle
-
-
dissimilatory sulfate reduction I (to hydrogen sufide))
-
-
dissimilatory sulfate reduction II (to thiosulfate)
-
-
sulfite oxidation II
-
-
sulfite oxidation III
-
-
o-diquinones biosynthesis
-
-
justicidin B biosynthesis
-
-
matairesinol biosynthesis
-
-
sesamin biosynthesis
-
-
photosynthesis light reactions
-
-
reactive oxygen species degradation
-
-
superoxide radicals degradation
-
-
baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification)
-
-
betanidin degradation
-
-
luteolin triglucuronide degradation
-
-
Arachidonic acid metabolism
-
-
arachidonic acid metabolism
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation II (bacterial, aerobic)
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation III
-
-
L-ascorbate degradation V
-
-
manganese oxidation I
-
-
Drug metabolism - other enzymes
-
-
cutin biosynthesis
-
-
vernolate biosynthesis III
-
-
hydrogen production
-
-
hydrogen production III
-
-
hydrogen production VI
-
-
hydrogen production VIII
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate)
-
-
3-chlorocatechol degradation
-
-
catechol degradation to beta-ketoadipate
-
-
Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
-
-
Fluorobenzoate degradation
-
-
phenol degradation
-
-
2-nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I
-
-
catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate II
-
-
Styrene degradation
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate (via 4-methylcatechol)
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate (via toluene-cis-diol)
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I (via o-cresol)
-
-
Xylene degradation
-
-
divinyl ether biosynthesis II
-
-
Linoleic acid metabolism
-
-
indole degradation to anthranil and anthranilate
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation I
-
-
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis I
-
-
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols)
-
-
9-lipoxygenase and 9-allene oxide synthase pathway
-
-
9-lipoxygenase and 9-hydroperoxide lyase pathway
-
-
divinyl ether biosynthesis I
-
-
retinol biosynthesis
-
-
5-deoxystrigol biosynthesis
-
-
carotenoid cleavage
-
-
Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 1
-
-
IAA biosynthesis
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria)
-
-
procollagen hydroxylation and glycosylation
-
-
flavonoid biosynthesis
-
-
flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum)
-
-
pinobanksin biosynthesis
-
-
hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis
-
-
Diterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
gibberellin biosynthesis III (early C-13 hydroxylation)
-
-
gibberellin inactivation I (2beta-hydroxylation)
-
-
Benzoxazinoid biosynthesis
-
-
DIMBOA-glucoside biosynthesis
-
-
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation
-
-
biphenyl degradation
-
-
Dioxin degradation
-
-
diphenyl ethers degradation
-
-
nicotine degradation IV
-
-
nitric oxide biosynthesis II (mammals)
-
-
aerobactin biosynthesis
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis I
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II
-
-
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation
-
-
acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal)
-
-
acetone degradation III (to propane-1,2-diol)
-
-
Amaryllidacea alkaloids biosynthesis
-
-
bupropion degradation
-
-
melatonin degradation I
-
-
nicotine degradation V
-
-
vanillin biosynthesis I
-
-
bacterial bioluminescence
-
-
epoxysqualene biosynthesis
-
-
Sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
heme degradation I
-
-
bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway
Primary bile acid biosynthesis
-
-
Cyanoamino acid metabolism
-
-
Glucosinolate biosynthesis
-
-
(E,E)-4,8,12-trimethyltrideca-1,3,7,11-tetraene biosynthesis
-
-
(3E)-4,8-dimethylnona-1,3,7-triene biosynthesis I
-
-
sophorolipid biosynthesis
-
-
suberin monomers biosynthesis
-
-
Flavone and flavonol biosynthesis
-
-
flavonol biosynthesis
-
-
luteolin biosynthesis
-
-
syringetin biosynthesis
-
-
tricin biosynthesis
-
-
isoflavonoid biosynthesis I
-
-
isoflavonoid biosynthesis II
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, initial reactions
-
-
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
Stilbenoid, diarylheptanoid and gingerol biosynthesis
-
-
suberin monomers biosynthesis
-
-
DIBOA-glucoside biosynthesis
-
-
diterpene phytoalexins precursors biosynthesis
-
-
lutein biosynthesis
-
-
dolabralexins biosynthesis
-
-
echinatin biosynthesis
-
-
eriodictyol C-glucosylation
-
-
flavonoid di-C-glucosylation
-
-
naringenin C-glucosylation
-
-
pinocembrin C-glucosylation
-
-
astaxanthin biosynthesis (bacteria, fungi, algae)
-
-
flexixanthin biosynthesis
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation V
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis IV
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis I
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis II
-
-
betalamic acid biosynthesis
-
-
catecholamine biosynthesis
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis II
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
Betalain biosynthesis
-
-
firefly bioluminescence
-
-
L-dopa and L-dopachrome biosynthesis
-
-
pheomelanin biosynthesis
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (yeast)
-
-
Sphingolipid metabolism
-
-
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi)
-
-
sorgoleone biosynthesis
-
-
oleate biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis II (plants and bacteria)
-
-
gamma-linolenate biosynthesis II (animals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis II (6-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
7-dehydroporiferasterol biosynthesis
-
-
ergosterol biosynthesis I
-
-
linoleate biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
phospholipid desaturation
-
-
(7Z,10Z,13Z)-hexadecatrienoate biosynthesis
-
-
glycolipid desaturation
-
-
alpha-linolenate biosynthesis I (plants and red algae)
-
-
hydroxylated fatty acid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis VI (fungi)
-
-
crepenynate biosynthesis
-
-
salvigenin biosynthesis
-
-
anthocyanin biosynthesis
-
-
anthocyanin biosynthesis (pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside)
-
-
chrysin biosynthesis
-
-
rutin biosynthesis
-
-
C20 prostanoid biosynthesis
-
-
hypusine biosynthesis
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes)
-
-
iron reduction and absorption
-
-
2,3-trans-flavanols biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation)
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation III
-
-
inosine 5'-phosphate degradation
-
-
purine metabolism
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation I (anaerobic)
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
theophylline degradation
-
-
formate oxidation to CO2
-
-
oxalate degradation III
-
-
oxalate degradation VI
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway
-
-
Photosynthesis
-
-
oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
nitrogen fixation I (ferredoxin)
-
-
arsenate detoxification I (mammalian)
-
-
arsenate detoxification II (glutaredoxin)
-
-
Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 2
-
-
3,5-dimethoxytoluene biosynthesis
-
-
betaxanthin biosynthesis
-
-
guaiacol biosynthesis
-
-
L-dopa degradation
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification II
-
-
sulfur volatiles biosynthesis
-
-
L-methionine salvage from L-homocysteine
-
-
S-methyl-L-methionine cycle
-
-
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization I
-
-
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization II
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis III
-
-
chrysoeriol biosynthesis
-
-
methylquercetin biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoids methylation (ice plant)
-
-
polymethylated quercetin biosynthesis
-
-
quercetin sulfate biosynthesis
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis IV
-
-
pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
mRNA capping II
-
-
ferulate and sinapate biosynthesis
-
-
free phenylpropanoid acid biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of scopolin and esculin biosynthesis
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis III
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis IV
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine bioynthesis
-
-
choline biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis II
-
-
capsaicin biosynthesis
-
-
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
scopoletin biosynthesis
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis I
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis II (via paraxanthine)
-
-
theobromine biosynthesis I
-
-
sakuranetin biosynthesis
-
-
3-methylarginine biosynthesis
-
-
volatile benzenoid biosynthesis I (ester formation)
-
-
carnitine metabolism
-
-
folate polyglutamylation
glycine betaine degradation I
-
-
glycine betaine degradation II (mammalian)
-
-
glycine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria)
-
-
L-citrulline degradation
-
-
urea cycle
creatine biosynthesis
-
-
cylindrospermopsin biosynthesis
-
-
guadinomine B biosynthesis
-
-
Biosynthesis of ansamycins
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation II (assimilatory RuMP Cycle)
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch)
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (partial)
-
-
Rubisco shunt
-
-
acetoin degradation
-
-
C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
-
-
isoleucine metabolism
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine)
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-valine biosynthesis
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-acetoin
-
-
Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
-
-
Thiamine metabolism
-
-
thiazole biosynthesis I (facultative anaerobic bacteria)
-
-
thiazole biosynthesis II (aerobic bacteria)
-
-
Nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis I
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis II
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II
-
-
diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
oleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
palmitoyl ethanolamide biosynthesis
-
-
stigma estolide biosynthesis
-
-
(8E,10E)-dodeca-8,10-dienol biosynthesis
-
-
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (MFE-dependent, yeast)
-
-
2-deoxy-D-ribose degradation II
-
-
4-ethylphenol degradation (anaerobic)
-
-
acetoacetate degradation (to acetyl CoA)
-
-
Ethylbenzene degradation
-
-
fermentation to 2-methylbutanoate
-
-
isopropanol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
ketogenesis
-
-
ketolysis
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetone
-
-
sitosterol degradation to androstenedione
-
-
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle
-
-
ceramide biosynthesis
-
-
ceramide de novo biosynthesis
-
-
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast)
-
-
Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 3
-
-
cysteine metabolism
-
-
D-cycloserine biosynthesis
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VII (from S-sulfo-L-cysteine)
-
-
N-3-oxalyl-L-2,3-diaminopropanoate biosynthesis
-
-
seleno-amino acid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
2-amino-3-hydroxycyclopent-2-enone biosynthesis
-
-
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine)
-
-
bryostatin biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (bacteria and plants)
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (mitochondria)
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (plant mitochondria)
-
-
mupirocin biosynthesis
-
-
pederin biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli)
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast)
-
-
indole-3-acetate inactivation IX
-
-
aromatic polyketides biosynthesis
-
-
naringenin biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
phloridzin biosynthesis
-
-
xanthohumol biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
-
-
Biosynthesis of 12-, 14- and 16-membered macrolides
-
-
erythromycin D biosynthesis
-
-
resveratrol biosynthesis
-
-
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis
-
-
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis II
-
-
phaselate biosynthesis
-
-
Anthocyanin biosynthesis
-
-
gentiodelphin biosynthesis
-
-
phosalacine biosynthesis
-
-
phosphinothricin tripeptide biosynthesis
-
-
Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
-
-
(9Z)-tricosene biosynthesis
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis IV (8-detaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis V (8-detaturase, mammals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (8-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis V (8-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
juniperonate biosynthesis
-
-
sciadonate biosynthesis
-
-
stearate biosynthesis I (animals)
-
-
ultra-long-chain fatty acid biosynthesis
-
-
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I
-
-
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II
-
-
NAD salvage pathway V (PNC V cycle)
-
-
beta-D-mannosyl phosphomycoketide biosynthesis
-
-
gamma-glutamyl cycle
-
-
hypoglycin biosynthesis
-
-
leukotriene biosynthesis
-
-
Arg/N-end rule pathway (eukaryotic)
-
-
phytochelatins biosynthesis
-
-
protein ubiquitination
-
-
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation II
-
-
ferrichrome A biosynthesis
-
-
Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
-
-
glycogen degradation I
-
-
glycogen degradation II
-
-
glycogen metabolism
-
-
Starch and sucrose metabolism
-
-
starch degradation III
-
-
starch degradation V
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis II
-
-
maltose degradation
-
-
fructan biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose)
-
-
cellulose biosynthesis
-
-
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase)
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis III
-
-
metabolism of disaccharids
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis I
-
-
chitin biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis III (from alpha-maltose 1-phosphate)
-
-
starch biosynthesis
-
-
starch degradation
-
-
starch degradation IV
-
-
starch degradation II
-
-
1,3-beta-D-glucan biosynthesis
-
-
phenolic malonylglucosides biosynthesis
-
-
galactolipid biosynthesis I
-
-
lipid A-core biosynthesis (E. coli K-12)
-
-
lipid A biosynthesis
-
-
stachyose biosynthesis
-
-
lychnose and isolychnose biosynthesis
-
-
stellariose and mediose biosynthesis
-
-
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
N-Glycan biosynthesis
-
-
protein N-glycosylation (Haloferax volcanii)
-
-
protein N-glycosylation initial phase (eukaryotic)
-
-
protein O-mannosylation I (yeast)
-
-
protein O-mannosylation II (mammals, core M1 and core M2)
-
-
protein O-mannosylation III (mammals, core M3)
-
-
dhurrin biosynthesis
-
-
daphnetin modification
-
-
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis I - kaempferol derivatives
-
-
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis III - quercetin derivatives
-
-
kaempferol gentiobioside biosynthesis
-
-
kaempferol glycoside biosynthesis (Arabidopsis)
-
-
kaempferol triglucoside biosynthesis
-
-
myricetin gentiobioside biosynthesis
-
-
quercetin gentiotetraside biosynthesis
-
-
quercetin glucoside biosynthesis (Allium)
-
-
quercetin glycoside biosynthesis (Arabidopsis)
-
-
quercetin triglucoside biosynthesis
-
-
complex N-linked glycan biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
complex N-linked glycan biosynthesis (vertebrates)
-
-
Various types of N-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
cichoriin interconversion
-
-
daphnin interconversion
-
-
Mannose type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
Other types of O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
anthocyanidin modification (Arabidopsis)
-
-
anthocyanin biosynthesis (delphinidin 3-O-glucoside)
-
-
rose anthocyanin biosynthesis II (via cyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside)
-
-
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from cyanidin and cyanidin 3-O-glucoside)
-
-
superpathway of indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis
-
-
Escherichia coli serotype O86 O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation
-
-
Mucin type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
cardenolide glucosides biosynthesis
-
-
solasodine glycosylation
-
-
cytokinin-O-glucosides biosynthesis
-
-
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis
-
-
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis I
-
-
ajmaline and sarpagine biosynthesis
-
-
Indole alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
kaempferol diglycoside biosynthesis (pollen-specific)
-
-
quercetin diglycoside biosynthesis (pollen-specific)
-
-
tylosin biosynthesis
-
-
Monoterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
ginsenoside metabolism
-
-
ginsenosides biosynthesis
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage I
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage III
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage V
-
-
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage
-
-
nucleoside and nucleotide degradation (archaea)
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation II
-
-
purine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
salinosporamide A biosynthesis
-
-
xanthine and xanthosine salvage
-
-
(aminomethyl)phosphonate degradation
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage II
-
-
adenine salvage
-
-
glyphosate degradation III
-
-
UMP biosynthesis I
-
-
UMP biosynthesis II
-
-
UMP biosynthesis III
-
-
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde
-
-
NAD de novo biosynthesis I (from aspartate)
-
-
NAD metabolism
-
-
nicotine biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of nicotine biosynthesis
-
-
xylan biosynthesis
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis I (de novo)
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis III (queuosine salvage)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis I (E. coli)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis II (Bacillus)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis III (Staphylococcus)
-
-
thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis IV (eukaryotes)
-
-
thiamine formation from pyrithiamine and oxythiamine (yeast)
-
-
thiamine salvage II
-
-
thiamine salvage IV (yeast)
-
-
2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis
-
-
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine)
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II
-
-
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis
-
-
bisabolene biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
methyl phomopsenoate biosynthesis
-
-
stellatic acid biosynthesis
-
-
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis I
-
-
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification
-
-
camalexin biosynthesis
-
-
gliotoxin biosynthesis
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification I
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (intact plant cell)
-
-
pentachlorophenol degradation
-
-
spermine biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II
-
-
trans-zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
brassicicene C biosynthesis
-
-
fusicoccin A biosynthesis
-
-
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
ophiobolin F biosynthesis
-
-
paspaline biosynthesis
-
-
plaunotol biosynthesis
-
-
L-nicotianamine biosynthesis
-
-
homocysteine and cysteine interconversion
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VI (from L-methionine)
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis II (plants)
-
-
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate)
-
-
chlorophyll a biosynthesis III
-
-
chlorophyll cycle
-
-
cis-zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
(R)-cysteate degradation
-
-
aspartate and asparagine metabolism
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis II
-
-
L-asparagine degradation III (mammalian)
-
-
L-aspartate biosynthesis
-
-
L-aspartate degradation I
-
-
L-glutamate degradation II
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation VI (Stickland reaction)
-
-
sulfolactate degradation III
-
-
L-alanine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-alanine degradation III
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine)
-
-
L-asparagine degradation II
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes)
-
-
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis
-
-
atromentin biosynthesis
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation IV (via indole-3-lactate)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation VIII (to tryptophol)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation XIII (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation II
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation IV (to 4-methylphenol)
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation V (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-alanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis V
-
-
L-leucine biosynthesis
-
-
L-leucine degradation I
-
-
L-leucine degradation IV (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-valine degradation I
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis IX (Trichomonas vaginalis)
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis III (cytosolic, plants)
-
-
indolmycin biosynthesis
-
-
S-methyl-5-thio-alpha-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation I
-
-
GDP-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation
-
-
Neomycin, kanamycin and gentamicin biosynthesis
-
-
Streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)
-
-
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity)
-
-
trehalose degradation II (cytosolic)
-
-
trehalose degradation IV
-
-
trehalose degradation V
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
mannitol cycle
-
-
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase)
-
-
sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase)
-
-
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase)
-
-
D-galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway)
-
-
D-galactose detoxification
-
-
degradation of hexoses
-
-
stachyose degradation
-
-
degradation of pentoses
-
-
ribose phosphorylation
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage VI
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and transhydrogenation
-
-
NAD/NADH phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
-
cell-surface glycoconjugate-linked phosphocholine biosynthesis
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I
-
-
type IV lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis (S. pneumoniae)
-
-
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway II (non-phosphorylative)
-
-
gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum)
-
-
glycolysis V (Pyrococcus)
-
-
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from myo-inositol)
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I
-
-
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis III (Spirodela polyrrhiza)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis IV (Dictyostelium)
-
-
Inositol phosphate metabolism
-
-
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I
-
-
fructose 2,6-bisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule
-
-
type I lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis (S. aureus)
-
-
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis I (from Ins(1,4,5)P3)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis V (from Ins(1,3,4)P3)
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
inositol diphosphates biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol (3,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
2-O-alpha-mannosyl-D-glycerate degradation
-
-
D-galactarate degradation I
-
-
D-glucarate degradation I
-
-
degradation of sugar acids
-
-
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation I
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline)
-
-
L-ornithine biosynthesis I
-
-
creatine-phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
CMP phosphorylation
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
ppGpp metabolism
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III
-
-
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis
-
-
thiamine salvage III
-
-
NAD biosynthesis III (from nicotinamide)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway IV (from nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis II (archaea)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis IV (mammalian)
-
-
sulfate activation for sulfonation
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis I
-
-
choline biosynthesis III
-
-
glucosylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-4-dehydro-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis
-
-
CMP-KDO biosynthesis
-
-
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes)
-
-
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria)
-
-
metabolism of amino sugars and derivatives
-
-
mRNA capping I
-
-
Ether lipid metabolism
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II
-
-
acyl carrier protein activation
-
-
acyl carrier protein metabolism
-
-
enterobactin biosynthesis
-
-
petrobactin biosynthesis
-
-
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis II (eukaryotes)
-
-
superpathway of phospholipid biosynthesis II (plants)
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VI
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes)
-
-
selenocysteine biosynthesis
-
-
thiosulfate disproportionation IV (rhodanese)
-
-
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
protein SAMPylation and SAMP-mediated thiolation
-
-
methyl-coenzyme M reduction to methane
-
-
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion
-
-
methylsalicylate degradation
-
-
superpathway of methylsalicylate metabolism
-
-
Bisphenol degradation
-
-
triacylglycerol degradation
-
-
aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis
-
-
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing
-
-
phospholipases
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast)
-
-
plasmalogen degradation
-
-
resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
pectin degradation I
-
-
pectin degradation II
-
-
chlorophyll a degradation III
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway)
-
-
sorbitol biosynthesis II
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis II (tRNA-dependent)
-
-
chlorogenic acid degradation
-
-
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome)
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation I
-
-
acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] thioesterase pathway
-
-
mycobacterial sulfolipid biosynthesis
-
-
diethylphosphate degradation
-
-
sulfopterin metabolism
-
-
phosphate acquisition
-
-
2-arachidonoylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
sphingosine metabolism
-
-
NAD salvage pathway III (to nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
pyridine nucleotide cycling (plants)
-
-
tunicamycin biosynthesis
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I
-
-
myo-inositol biosynthesis
-
-
phytate degradation I
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis II
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis III
-
-
3-phosphoinositide degradation
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation
-
-
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis II
-
-
geraniol and geranial biosynthesis
-
-
nepetalactone biosynthesis
-
-
secologanin and strictosidine biosynthesis
-
-
tRNA processing
-
-
starch degradation I
-
-
cellulose degradation
-
-
cellulose degradation II (fungi)
-
-
(1,4)-beta-D-xylan degradation
-
-
d-xylose degradation
-
-
chitin degradation I (archaea)
-
-
chitin degradation II (Vibrio)
-
-
chitin degradation III (Serratia)
-
-
Other glycan degradation
-
-
alpha-tomatine degradation
-
-
coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate)
-
-
linamarin degradation
-
-
linustatin bioactivation
-
-
lotaustralin degradation
-
-
neolinustatin bioactivation
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globo and isoglobo series
-
-
melibiose degradation
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan degradation
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglio series
-
-
lactose degradation II
-
-
xyloglucan degradation II (exoglucanase)
-
-
d-mannose degradation
-
-
sucrose degradation V (sucrose alpha-glucosidase)
-
-
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic)
-
-
beta-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling I
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling II
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis V
-
-
fructan degradation
-
-
agarose degradation
-
-
porphyran degradation
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (plants and animals)
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (yeast)
-
-
lactose degradation III
-
-
amygdalin and prunasin degradation
-
-
aromatic glucosinolate activation
-
-
glucosinolate activation
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (herbivore attack)
-
-
tea aroma glycosidic precursor bioactivation
-
-
DIMBOA-glucoside activation
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III
-
-
poly-hydroxy fatty acids biosynthesis
-
-
alliin metabolism
-
-
methiin metabolism
-
-
propanethial S-oxide biosynthesis
-
-
Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis II (staphylococci)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis IV (Enterococcus faecium)
-
-
peptidoglycan maturation (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
muropeptide degradation
-
-
nocardicin A biosynthesis
-
-
L-asparagine degradation I
-
-
superpathway of L-aspartate and L-asparagine biosynthesis
-
-
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent)
-
-
L-glutamine degradation I
-
-
acrylonitrile degradation I
-
-
degradation of aromatic, nitrogen containing compounds
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria)
-
-
L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway)
-
-
Atrazine degradation
-
-
urea degradation II
-
-
thymine degradation
-
-
uracil degradation I (reductive)
-
-
ceramide degradation (generic)
-
-
L-arginine degradation IV (arginine decarboxylase/agmatine deiminase pathway)
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis II
-
-
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (P. putida)
-
-
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing)
-
-
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing)
-
-
canavanine degradation
-
-
L-arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway)
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway)
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation VII (THF pathway)
-
-
formate assimilation into 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate
-
-
L-histidine degradation III
-
-
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi)
-
-
cyanide detoxification I
-
-
base-degraded thiamine salvage
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation
-
-
1,2-dichloroethane degradation
-
-
butachlor degradation
-
-
fluoroacetate degradation
-
-
atrazine degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
atrazine degradation III
-
-
acetaldehyde biosynthesis II
-
-
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetoin III
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IV
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutanoate)
-
-
superpathway of ornithine degradation
-
-
aminopropylcadaverine biosynthesis
-
-
bisucaberin biosynthesis
-
-
cadaverine biosynthesis
-
-
desferrioxamine B biosynthesis
-
-
desferrioxamine E biosynthesis
-
-
lupanine biosynthesis
-
-
arginine dependent acid resistance
-
-
L-arginine degradation III (arginine decarboxylase/agmatinase pathway)
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis I
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis III
-
-
methanofuran biosynthesis
-
-
octopamine biosynthesis
-
-
CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic)
-
-
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism
-
-
heme b biosynthesis II (oxygen-independent)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis IV (Gram-positive bacteria)
-
-
L-tryptophan biosynthesis
-
-
methylgallate degradation
-
-
protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway)
-
-
syringate degradation
-
-
4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis
-
-
acridone alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
Phenazine biosynthesis
-
-
alkane biosynthesis I
-
-
cuticular wax biosynthesis
-
-
heptadecane biosynthesis
-
-
3-hydroxypropanoate cycle
-
-
cyanate degradation
glyoxylate assimilation
-
-
gallate biosynthesis
-
-
quinate degradation I
-
-
quinate degradation II
-
-
L-histidine biosynthesis
-
-
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis III (from L-homocysteine)
-
-
GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-D-perosamine biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-D-rhamnose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-L-colitose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose)
-
-
GDP-mycosamine biosynthesis
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis II
-
-
NADH repair
-
-
tetrahydropteridine recycling
-
-
hyaluronan degradation
-
-
L-threonine biosynthesis
-
-
calonectrin biosynthesis
-
-
gossypol biosynthesis
-
-
lacinilene C biosynthesis
-
-
ipsdienol biosynthesis
-
-
monoterpene biosynthesis
-
-
oleoresin monoterpene volatiles biosynthesis
-
-
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
taxol biosynthesis
ent-kaurene biosynthesis I
-
-
farnesene biosynthesis
-
-
santalene biosynthesis II
-
-
zealexin biosynthesis
-
-
beta-caryophyllene biosynthesis
-
-
oleoresin sesquiterpene volatiles biosynthesis
-
-
selinene biosynthesis
-
-
bergamotene biosynthesis I
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate)
-
-
L-histidine degradation I
-
-
L-histidine degradation II
-
-
L-histidine degradation VI
-
-
L-threonine degradation V
-
-
benzoate biosynthesis II (CoA-independent, non-beta-oxidative)
-
-
cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis
-
-
ephedrine biosynthesis
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis III
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation I (cleavage)
-
-
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation
-
-
cyanide degradation
-
-
dimethyl sulfide biosynthesis from methionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tyrosine
-
-
L-methionine salvage cycle II (plants)
-
-
tRNA splicing I
-
-
tRNA splicing II
-
-
alanine racemization
-
-
ansatrienin biosynthesis
-
-
D-Alanine metabolism
-
-
L-alanine degradation I
-
-
D-serine metabolism
-
-
vancomycin resistance II
-
-
UDP-beta-L-arabinose biosynthesis I (from UDP-alpha-D-xylose)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis V
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-galacturonate biosynthesis I (from UDP-D-glucuronate)
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
dTDP-4-O-demethyl-beta-L-noviose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-L-daunosamine biosynthesis
-
-
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis
-
-
dTDPLrhamnose biosynthesis
-
-
Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
-
-
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (oxygenic phototrophs and green sulfur bacteria)
-
-
D-xylose degradation I
-
-
beta-(1,4)-mannan degradation
-
-
beta-1,4-D-mannosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine degradation
-
-
D-mannose degradation
-
-
GDP-mannose biosynthesis
-
-
mannitol biosynthesis
-
-
mannitol degradation II
-
-
D-sorbitol biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis III
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
mono-trans, poly-cis decaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
itaconate biosynthesis II
-
-
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis
-
-
2-carboxy-1,4-naphthoquinol biosynthesis
-
-
Biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides
-
-
enterobactin biosynthesis
-
-
salicylate biosynthesis I
-
-
vitamin K metabolism
-
-
bacilysin biosynthesis
-
-
lanosterol biosynthesis
-
-
cycloartenol biosynthesis
-
-
mangrove triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis
-
-
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-galactofuranose biosynthesis
-
-
avenacin A-1 biosynthesis
-
-
glycyrrhetinate biosynthesis
-
-
oleanolate biosynthesis
-
-
pentacyclic triterpene biosynthesis
-
-
soybean saponin I biosynthesis
-
-
di-myo-inositol phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
mycothiol biosynthesis
-
-
myo-inositol biosynthesis
-
-
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
abietic acid biosynthesis
-
-
carnosate bioynthesis
-
-
dehydroabietic acid biosynthesis
-
-
isopimaric acid biosynthesis
-
-
levopimaric acid biosynthesis
-
-
neoabietic acid biosynthesis
-
-
palustric acid biosynthesis
-
-
diterpene phytoalexins precursors biosynthesis
-
-
kauralexin biosynthesis
-
-
delta-carotene biosynthesis
-
-
lactucaxanthin biosynthesis
-
-
beta-carotene biosynthesis
-
-
chlorobactene biosynthesis
-
-
isorenieratene biosynthesis I (actinobacteria)
-
-
myxol-2' fucoside biosynthesis
-
-
okenone biosynthesis
-
-
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocotrienols)
-
-
vitamin E metabolism
-
-
Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
-
-
tRNA charging
-
-
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA
-
-
adlupulone and adhumulone biosynthesis
-
-
cis-genanyl-CoA degradation
-
-
colupulone and cohumulone biosynthesis
-
-
lupulone and humulone biosynthesis
-
-
cannabinoid biosynthesis
-
-
alkane biosynthesis II
-
-
linoleate biosynthesis II (animals)
-
-
long-chain fatty acid activation
-
-
wax esters biosynthesis II
-
-
itaconate degradation
-
-
caffeoylglucarate biosynthesis
-
-
umbelliferone biosynthesis
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis I
-
-
pantothenate biosynthesis
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I
-
-
ergothioneine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
glutathione biosynthesis
-
-
homoglutathione biosynthesis
-
-
ophthalmate biosynthesis
-
-
biotin biosynthesis
-
-
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis I
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anapleurotic synthesis of oxalacetate
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-
jadomycin biosynthesis
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propanoyl CoA degradation I
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Fe(II) oxidation
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NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I
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NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I
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ammonia oxidation IV (autotrophic ammonia oxidizers)
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formate to nitrite electron transfer
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arsenite oxidation I (respiratory)
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ATP biosynthesis
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-
oleandomycin activation/inactivation
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ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE