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Crystallization (Commentary)
crystal structure of QFR to 3.3 A resolution. Enzyme contains two quinone species, presumably menaquinol, bound to the transmembrane-spanning region. The binding sites for the two quinone molecules are termed QP and QD, indicating their positions proximal, QP, or distal, QD, to the site of fumarate reduction in the hydrophilic flavoprotein and iron-sulfur protein subunits. Co-crystallization studies of the Escherichia coli QFR with the quinol-binding site inhibitors 2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide and 2-[1-(p-chlorophenyl)ethyl] 4,6-dinitrophenol establish that both inhibitors block the binding of MQH2 at the QP site. In the structures with the inhibitor bound at QP, no density is observed at QD. The conserved acidic residue, Glu29 in subunit FrdC, in the Escherichia coli enzyme may act as a proton shuttle from the quinol during enzyme turnover
hanging drop vapor diffusion method, x-ray structure of mutant E49Q
PDB code: 1FUM, structure of the QFR monomer, with the covalently bound FAD cofactor, showing the iron-sulfur clusters [4Fe-4S], [3Fe-3S], and [2Fe-2S] and the two menaquinone molecules
purified native enzyme by dialysis method using a reservoir solution containing 15% w/v PEG 3350, 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.4, 200 mM NaCl, 1 mM sodium malonate or fumarate, 0.06% w/v n-dodecyl ethylene glycol monoether C12E8, and 0.04% w/v n-dodecyl-bet-D-maltoside, 2-3 days, X-ray diffraction structure determination and analysis at 2.81-2.91 A resolution, molecular replacement
subunit FrdC mutant E29L, to 2.95 A resolution. The sequential removal of the two menaquinol protons may be accompanied by a rotation of the naphthoquinone ring to optimize the interaction with a second proton shuttling pathway
the structure of the enzyme is determined at 2.2 A resolution by X-ray crystallography
X-ray diffraction data up to 3.2 Å resolution
Results 1 - 7 of 7